Clonmacnoise facts for kids
|Cluain Mhic Nóis|
Cross of the Scriptures, Cathedral, Temple Doolin and South Cross
|Other names||Cluain-maccu-nois; Cluain-mic-nois; Cluan; Tipraic, with Eaglais-beaag|
|Order||Canons Regular of Saint Augustine (1140–c.1144)
Augustinian Canons Regular — Arroasian (1144–1568)
|Mother house||Clonard Abbey (mother house of nunnery only)|
|Diocese||Diocese of Clonmacnoise|
|Location||near Athlone, County Offaly, Ireland|
|Visible remains||cathedral, seven churches, two round towers, three high crosses, grave slabs|
|Official name||Clonmacnoise Early Medieval Ecclesiastical Site|
|Reference no.||81, 250, 601|
Clonmacnoise was founded in 544 by St. Ciarán, a young man from Rathcroghan, County Roscommon. (Not to be confused or conflated with St. Ciarán of Saigir, patron of Osraige). Until the 9th century it had close associations with the kings of Connacht. Saint Ciarán choose to found the monastery in the ancient territory of Ui Maine at a point where the major East-West land route(Slighe Mhor) meets the River Shannon after crossing the bogs of Central Ireland known as the Esker Riada. The strategic location of the monastery helped it become a major centre of religion, learning, craftsmanship, and trade by the 9th century and together with Clonard it was the most famous in Ireland, visited by scholars from all over Europe. From the ninth until the eleventh century it was allied with the kings of Meath. Many of the high kings of Tara (ardrí) and Connacht were buried here.
The preserved ruin is managed by the Office of Public Works. An Interpretive Centre is open to the public, the graveyard is in use and religious services are held in a modern chapel.
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Clonmacnoise Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.