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Coalville, Utah
Coalville Main Street, 2008
Coalville Main Street, 2008
Location in Summit County and the state of Utah
Location in Summit County and the state of Utah
Country United States
State Utah
County Summit
Founded 1859
Named for Coal
Area
 • Total 6.67 sq mi (17.27 km2)
 • Land 6.22 sq mi (16.12 km2)
 • Water 0.45 sq mi (1.15 km2)
Elevation
5,577 ft (1,700 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 1,363
 • Estimate 
(2019)
1,596
 • Density 256.39/sq mi (99.00/km2)
Time zone UTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP code
84017
Area code(s) 435
FIPS code 49-14840
GNIS feature ID 1426770

Coalville is a city in and the county seat of Summit County, Utah, United States. It is part of the Salt Lake City, Utah Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 1,363 as of the 2010 census. Interstate 80 passes through the town, as well as the Weber River, which flows into Echo Reservoir, just north of Coalville.

History

Coalville c. 1879
Coalville circa 1879
Allen House Coalville Utah
Thomas L. Allen House

Coalville was founded in 1859 by William Henderson Smith, an early Mormon freighter. He noticed that wheat spilled by other wagons moving through the area would grow to maturity. He subsequently convinced four families to settle in the area with him. The settlement was originally called Chalk Creek.

Early life in Chalk Creek was difficult, and during winters the settlers dealt with a constant scarcity of food. When food ran out, they would travel to Salt Lake City for supplies. The local Indian tribes were also hostile for a time, and the settlers built a fort on advice of Brigham Young.

In 1854 the territorial government in Utah offered a $1000 reward to anyone who could find coal within 40 miles of Salt Lake City. Four years later, Thomas Rhodes found a coal vein in the Chalk Creek area, and coal mining began in earnest. Hundreds of tons of coal were shipped to Salt Lake City, and soon a narrow gauge railroad was built. The settlement was renamed Coalville as a result of this early success mining coal.

Unlike most Mormon settlements in Utah and the intermountain west, Coalville city streets are not aligned to true north. Main Street in Coalville is offset such that it runs slightly north-northwest, and Center street runs slightly east-northeast.

The Thomas L. Allen House in Coalville is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Geography and climate

Coalville Utah
Coalville City Hall

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.3 square miles (8.5 km2), of which 2.9 square miles (7.5 km2) of it is land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2) (12.27%) is water.

Coalville has a high-altitude humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb), characterised by extreme diurnal temperature ranges that range from extremely cold winter nights to hot afternoons in the summer. However, the high altitude and low humidity means that mornings in summer remain very cool, and frosts have occasionally occurred even in July. Precipitation is moderate throughout the year, though with a minimum in summer, and snowfall is generally heavy due to the very cold nights between November and March, with a median of 60.1 inches (1.53 m) for the year.

Coalville is situated at the intersection of two narrow valleys (formed by Chalk Creek and the Weber River); and like other valley locations in northern Utah, experiences pronounced temperature inversions during winter months, with low temperatures below 0° F relatively common. Owing to this hyper-local phenomenon, observed temperatures are often significantly lower than those forecasted by national agencies, which rely on topography-based algorithms for the area.

Climate data for Coalville, Utah (1971 to 2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 60
(15.6)
68
(20)
76
(24.4)
84
(28.9)
91
(32.8)
99
(37.2)
100
(37.8)
100
(37.8)
95
(35)
86
(30)
77
(25)
65
(18.3)
100
(-17.8)
Average high °F (°C) 36.0
(2.22)
41.7
(5.39)
50.5
(10.28)
59.2
(15.11)
69.0
(20.56)
78.9
(26.06)
86.0
(30)
84.3
(29.06)
76.1
(24.5)
64.6
(18.11)
48.1
(8.94)
37.2
(2.89)
60.97
(16.093)
Average low °F (°C) 11.2
(-11.56)
14.4
(-9.78)
22.4
(-5.33)
27.5
(-2.5)
34.3
(1.28)
40.3
(4.61)
45.9
(7.72)
44.3
(6.83)
36.5
(2.5)
27.3
(-2.61)
19.7
(-6.83)
12.1
(-11.06)
27.99
(-2.227)
Record low °F (°C) −30
(-34.4)
−33
(-36.1)
−20
(-28.9)
10
(-12.2)
15
(-9.4)
26
(-3.3)
31
(-0.6)
24
(-4.4)
14
(-10)
5
(-15)
−17
(-27.2)
−27
(-32.8)
-33
(-17.8)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.31
(33.3)
1.07
(27.2)
1.62
(41.1)
1.84
(46.7)
2.02
(51.3)
1.13
(28.7)
1.00
(25.4)
1.08
(27.4)
1.37
(34.8)
1.61
(40.9)
1.62
(41.1)
1.15
(29.2)
16.82
(427.2)
Snowfall inches (cm) 14.4
(36.6)
14.6
(37.1)
11.1
(28.2)
4.9
(12.4)
2.3
(5.8)
0.1
(0.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.4
(1)
1.8
(4.6)
9.4
(23.9)
11.7
(29.7)
70.7
(179.6)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 inch) 9.9 8.6 10.4 9.5 10.5 5.8 6.4 6.7 7.0 7.1 8.8 8.4 99.1
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 inch) 5.0 4.3 3.7 1.7 0.5 0 0 0 0.1 0.6 3.0 4.1 23
Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 626
1880 911 45.5%
1890 1,166 28.0%
1900 808 −30.7%
1910 976 20.8%
1920 771 −21.0%
1930 938 21.7%
1940 949 1.2%
1950 850 −10.4%
1960 907 6.7%
1970 864 −4.7%
1980 1,031 19.3%
1990 1,065 3.3%
2000 1,382 29.8%
2010 1,363 −1.4%
Est. 2019 1,596 17.1%
U.S. Decennial Census
Coalville Utah
Coalville City Hall

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,382 people, 465 households, and 371 families residing in the city. The population density was 483.9 people per square mile (186.8/km2). There were 495 housing units at an average density of 173.3 per square mile (66.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.13% White, 0.07% African American, 0.80% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 4.92% from other races, and 0.72% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.87% of the population.

There were 465 households, out of which 47.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.6% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.2% were non-families. 18.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.97 and the average family size was 3.41.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 33.8% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 15.7% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females, there were 104.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $39,342, and the median income for a family was $43,929. Males had a median income of $32,727 versus $20,833 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,830. About 5.9% of families and 8.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.9% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

Some residents of the Coalville area pursue careers in farming, ranching, construction, public education, and county government—though many commute to the Wasatch Front. Ranchers in the area primarily raise beef and dairy cows, sheep, and mink. Crops such as alfalfa and wheat are also cultivated.

There are two grocery stores, five restaurants, two motels, and several small gas/convenience stores. A health clinic serves residents of Coalville and other settlements in northern Summit County, as well as a dental office. Vacant commercial real estate continues to be a problem, especially along main street, as is the case in many small towns in rural America—an effect of urbanization.

Education

Coalville is served by the North Summit School District, which consists of North Summit High School, Middle School, and Elementary School. North Summit High School's mascot is the Brave, and the school colors are purple and gold. The school mascot was chosen because of the Western Shoshone tribes that once lived in the area. Members of the North Summit High School drill team are known as "Esona," purportedly from the Shoshone word for "woman." In 2004 when North Summit Middle School was built, a burial plot with five graves was discovered on its construction site. Because of local legend, many thought the graves to contain the remains of Native Americans, however, officials reported the individuals were likely early settlers of Norwegian descent.

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