Collierville, Tennessee facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Collierville, Tennessee
Town
Sign in the Historic Town Square
Sign in the Historic Town Square
Location in Shelby County and state of Tennessee.
Location in Shelby County and state of Tennessee.
Country United States
State Tennessee
County Shelby
Area
 • Total 24.7 sq mi (63.8 km2)
 • Land 24.5 sq mi (63.6 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation 381 ft (116 m)
Population (2015 estimate)
 • Total 48,863
 • Density 1,978/sq mi (765.9/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 38017, 38027
Area code(s) 901
FIPS code 47-16420
GNIS feature ID 1280985
Website www.collierville.com

Collierville is a town in Shelby County, Tennessee, United States, and a suburb located in the Memphis metropolitan area. The town had a population of 43,965 at the 2010 census.

Collierville is a town of large houses and considerable retail expansion. Smaller, older houses are still found in the heart of Collierville, mainly between Byhalia Road and Collierville-Arlington on the east and west and Shelton and Highway 72 on the north and south. Some industry, notably Pepsi and Carrier, still dots the areas located south of Poplar Avenue.

Collierville is home to the Avenue at Carriage Crossing, an 800,000+ sq ft shopping center which opened in October 2005. Baptist Hospital, Collierville, serves the medical needs of the town's residents. Collierville will become part of the Interstate 69 highway plan integrating Bill Morris Parkway (SR 385) as Interstate 269, part of this USDOT project linking Canada and Mexico with the United States.

Collierville was chosen as one of Relocate-America's Top 100 Places to Live in 2008. In 2014, Collierville's historic town square was ranked by Parade Magazine as the "Best Main Street" in America.

History

Battle of Collierville

There were two battles and two small skirmishes of the American Civil War that occurred late in 1863 at Collierville in Shelby County. The first Battle of Collierville occurred on October 11, 1863. Collierville was one of the garrisons established to protect the Memphis and Charleston Railroad. For the Confederates, the Union garrison was a source of fresh supplies. Brig. Gen. James R. Chalmers' division of 3000 men attacked the garrison and earthworks defended by 550 men, including Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman.

The Battle of Collierville on November 3 was the second Confederate cavalry raid that attempted to break up the Memphis and Charleston Railroad behind Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman’s XV Army Corps, then in the process of marching to the relief of Chattanooga. When Brig. Gen. James R. Chalmers, leading a cavalry division riding up from Mississippi, learned that only two Union regiments defended Collierville, he decided to attack. Union Col. Edward Hatch possessed more men than Chalmers supposed, stationed at Collierville and at Germantown, 5 miles (8 km) to the west. Scouts warned Hatch of Chalmers’s approach from the south, so he ordered Collierville’s defenders to be prepared and rode from Germantown with cavalry reinforcements. Chalmers, as he had done only three weeks earlier, attacked from the south. Col. Hatch arrived with help. Surprised by the unexpected appearance of the enemy on his flanks, Chalmers concluded that he was outnumbered, called off the battle, and, to ward off Union pursuit, withdrew back to Mississippi. The Memphis & Charleston Railroad remained open to Tuscumbia, Alabama, for Union troop movements. Estimated casualties were 60 for the Union and 95 for the Confederacy for a total of 155.

Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman participated in the battle of October 11, and his monument in Washington, D.C. lists "Colliersville" as one of his battles. The Union commanders referred to it as "Colliersville" in the official reports.

Geography

Collierville is located at 35°3′16″N 89°40′56″W / 35.05444°N 89.68222°W / 35.05444; -89.68222 (35.054366, -89.682306).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 24.6 square miles (64 km2), of which 24.5 square miles (63 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2), or 0.41%, is water.

Major thoroughfares

  • Interstate 269
  • Nonconnah/Bill Morris Parkway (State Route 385)
  • U. S. Route 72 (Poplar Avenue)/Tennessee State Route 86
  • State Route 57 (Poplar Avenue)
  • State Route 175 (Byhalia Road, Collierville Road, S Houston Levee Road, and E Shelby Drive)
  • State Route 205 (Collierville-Arlington Road)
  • Winchester Boulevard

Climate

Collierville has a humid subtropical climate, with four distinct seasons. The summer months (late May to late September) are persistently hot (between 68 °F (20 °C) and 95 °F (35 °C)) and humid due to moisture encroaching from the Gulf of Mexico. Afternoon thunderstorms are frequent during some summers, but usually brief, lasting no longer than an hour. Early Autumn is pleasantly drier and mild, but can remain hot until late October.

Abrupt but short-lived cold snaps are common. Late Autumn is rainy and colder, December being the third rainiest month of the year. Fall foliage becomes especially vibrant after the first frost, typically November, and lasts until early December. Winters are mild, but cold snaps can occur. The official all-time record low temperature was -13.0 °F (-25.0 °C), which occurred on December 24, 1963. Mild spells are sometimes warm with temperatures as high as 75 °F (23 °C) during January and February. Snowfall is not abundant but does occur during most winters, with an annual average of 5.7 inches (14.4 cm) at the airport.

Spring often begins in late February or early March, following the onset of a sharp warmup. This season is also known as "severe weather season" due to the higher frequency of tornadoes, hail, and thunderstorms producing winds greater than 58 mph (93 km/h). Collierville is above the Tennessee state average for Tornado activity, and 188% of the average for the US. Historically, April is the month with the highest frequency of tornadoes, though tornadoes have occurred every month of the year.

Collierville is sunny approximately 64% of the time. Average rainfall is slightly higher during the spring months than the rest of the year, but not to any noticeable extent. Collierville receives around 55 inches of rainfaill every year.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 236
1870 274
1880 753 174.8%
1890 696 −7.6%
1900 829 19.1%
1910 802 −3.3%
1920 989 23.3%
1930 1,008 1.9%
1940 1,042 3.4%
1950 1,153 10.7%
1960 2,020 75.2%
1970 3,651 80.7%
1980 7,839 114.7%
1990 14,427 84.0%
2000 31,872 120.9%
2010 43,965 37.9%
Est. 2015 48,863 11.1%
Sources:

As of the 2000 census, there were 31,872 people, 10,368 households, and 8,937 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,298.3 people per square mile (501.3/km²). There were 10,770 housing units at an average density of 438.7 per square mile (169.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 89.87% White, 7.33% African American, 0.19% Native American, 1.47% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.33% from other races, and 0.79% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.51% of the population.

There were 10,368 households, out of which 52.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 76.1% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.8% were non-families. 11.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.06 and the average family size was 3.34.

In the town, the population was spread out with 33.4% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 32.4% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 6.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.9 males.

According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the town was $99,239, and the median income for a family was $106,634. Males had a median income of $63,986 versus $32,619 for females. The per capita income for the town was $30,252. About 1.9% of families and 2.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.6% of those under age 18 and 4.1% of those age 65 or over.

By 2013, Collierville's total population had grown to an estimated 46,568 people and the median household income had grown to $105,727

Culture

Collierville's traditional destination for visitors is the Historic Square, in the center of downtown. This quaint shopping destination boasts trendy shops, fun eateries, and a tree-lined park, all overlooking the old train depot from which the town grew.

Fair on the Square and the annual Symphony in the Rose Garden both take place every May in Collierville. The Summer concert series at the historic Collierville town square kicks off the first week of June and lasts through the end of July. Collierville's Farmers Market is located in the parking lot of Collierville United Methodist Church at their 454 W Poplar Ave location.


Collierville, Tennessee Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.