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Cooloola (insect) facts for kids

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Cooloola
CSIRO ScienceImage 10713 Cooloola Monster.jpg
Cooloola propator – Cooloola monster
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Orthoptera
Suborder: Ensifera
Family: Cooloolidae
Rentz, 1980
Subfamily: Cooloolinae
Rentz, 1980
Genus: Cooloola
Rentz, 1980
Species

4, see text.

Cooloola is a genus of ensiferan orthopterans known as Cooloola monsters. It is the only genus in the subfamily Cooloolinae and family Cooloolidae of the superfamily Stenopelmatoidea.

Four species are known from this family, all endemic to Queensland, Australia. The name originated from the discovery of the best-known member of the family, the Cooloola monster (Cooloola propator), in the Cooloola National Park.

Little is known about their life histories as they lead an almost entirely subterranean existence, but they are believed to prey on other soil-dwelling invertebrates. Cooloola monsters are unusual in comparison with other members of the primitive superfamily Stenopelmatoidea in that the cooloolids' antennae are considerably shorter than their body lengths.

Species include:

  • Cooloola dingo Rentz, 1986 – dingo monster
  • Cooloola pearsoni Rentz, 1999 – Pearson's monster
  • Cooloola propator Rentz, 1980 – Cooloola monster
  • Cooloola ziljan Rentz, 1986 – sugarcane monster
  • Grasshopper Country: The Abundant Orthopteroid Insects of Australia, by David C. Rentz. 1995.
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