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Creedmoor Psychiatric Center facts for kids

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Creedmoor Psychiatric Center
Creedmore Psych Cen jeh.jpg
Winchester Boulevard entrance
Location Queens Village, Queens, New York, United States
Coordinates 40°44′29″N 73°43′54″W / 40.74139°N 73.73167°W / 40.74139; -73.73167
Care system Medicaid, private
Hospital type Specialist
Network New York State Office of Mental Health
Speciality Psychiatry

Creedmoor Psychiatric Center is a psychiatric hospital at 79-26 Winchester Boulevard in Queens Village, Queens, New York, United States. It provides inpatient, outpatient and residential services for severely mentally ill patients. The practical nurses and nurse assistants live and work on the property. The hospital occupies more than 300 acres (1.2 km2) and includes more than 50 buildings.

The site was named after the Creed family, which farmed on the site. It later was used as a firing range from the 1870s till 1892. The Farm Colony of Brooklyn State Hospital was opened on the site in 1912, with 32 patients. By 1959, the hospital housed 7,000 inpatients. The hospital's census declined by the early 1960s, and unused portions were sold off and developed into the Queens County Farm Museum, a school campus, and a children's psychiatric center.

Early history of the site

LIRR 1891 Creedmoor station
Creedmoor station in 1891

The hospital's name derives from the Creeds, a family that previously farmed the site. The local railroad station on a line that ran from Long Island City to Bethpage took the name Creedmoor, apparently from the phrase “Creed’s Moor,” describing the local geography, In the early 1870s, New York State purchased land from the Creeds for use by the National Guard and by the National Rifle Association (NRA) as a firing range. The Creedmoor Rifle Range hosted prestigious international shooting competitions, which became the forerunner of the Palma Trophy competition. In 1892, as a result of declining public interest and mounting noise complaints from the growing neighborhood, the NRA deeded its land back to the state.

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