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Cymopterus terebinthinus facts for kids

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Cymopterus terebinthinus
Cymopterus terebinthinus.jpg
Conservation status

Secure (NatureServe)
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Phylum:
Class:
Order:
Family:
Genus:
Cymopterus
Species:
C. terebinthinus
Binomial name
Cymopterus terebinthinus
Cronquist

Cymopterus terebinthinus is a perennial plant in the carrot family Apiaceae with leaves that look like parsley and grows in the Great Basin of the American West. Common names include Aromatic spring-parsley, northern Indian parsnip, and turpentine cymopterus.

Name

Cymopterus means "wavy ring", referring to the fruit. Terebinthinus ('of turpentine') refers to the pungent smell of the plant's oil.

Description

Growth pattern

It is a low growing perennial plant from 12 to 2 feet (0.15 to 0.61 m) tall, spreading out from a woody base.

Leaves and stems

Leaves are 12 to 8 inches (1.3 to 20.3 cm) long. Leaves are ovate overall, but finely pinnately dissected into segments like parsley leaves. Leaves are strongly aromatic when crushed. "Terebinthus" means "like-turpentine", referring to the scented oils in the plant.

Cymopterus terebinthinus Rocky pteryxia double-umbel-flowers close
C. terebinthinus double-umbel flowerhead

Inflorescence and fruit

The inflorescence is a peduncle with 3-24 rays, each 12 to 3 inches (1.3 to 7.6 cm) long, bearing miniascule 5-petaled yellow flowers.

Habitat and range

It grows on dry, sandy or rocky slopes, typically around rocks, from 5,000 to 9,000 feet (1,500 to 2,700 m) in sagebrush steppe and montane plant communities of the Great Basin. It can be found in the Toiyabe Range and Deep Creek Mountains.

Ecology

It is a host for Papilio indra.

Some Plateau Indian tribes chewed the roots to treat colds and sores.

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