kids encyclopedia robot

Cyperus gymnocaulos facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts


Quick facts for kids
Spiny flatsedge
Scientific classification
Genus:
Cyperus
Species:
gymnocaulos

Cyperus gymnocaulos, commonly known as spiny flatsedge, is a sedge of the family Cyperaceae that is native to Australia.

Description

The rhizomatous perennial grass-like sedge typically grows to a height of 0.35 to 1 metre (1.1 to 3.3 ft) and has a tufted habit. It blooms between July and March producing brown flowers. It normally has a short thick rhizome with smooth, trigonous and terete culms. The leaves are reduced to sheaths, except for juvenile plants.

C. gymnocaulos is usually smaller and less robust than C. vaginatus.

Taxonomy

The species was first formally described by the botanist Ernst Gottlieb von Steudel in 1854 as part of the work Synopsis Plantarum Glumacearum. Known synonyms include; Cyperus cruciformis and Cyperus vaginatus var. densiflorus. The name is commonly misapplied to Cyperus textilis.

Distribution

It is found in swamps and along creeks and rivers and other damp areas in all the states of mainland Australia as well as the Northern Territory. In Western Australia it is found in the Mid West, Wheatbelt, South West and Goldfields-Esperance regions where it grows in sandy-clay soils.

kids search engine
Cyperus gymnocaulos Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.