Design management facts for kids
"Simply put, design management is the business side of design. Design management encompasses the ongoing processes, business decisions, and strategies that enable innovation and create effectively-designed products, services, communications, environments, and brands that enhance our quality of life and provide organizational success." This means that design management is not limited on a single design discipline. In his 'Classification of Design' (1976), Gorb divided design into three different classes; design management operates in and across all three categories:
- Product (e.g. industrial design, packaging design, service design)
- Information (e.g. graphic design, branding, media design, web design)
- Environment (e.g. retail design, exhibition design, interior design)
Design management is not independent from the organization and product context, and plays three integrative key roles in the interface of design, organisation and market:
- align design strategy with corporate and/or brand strategy
- manage quality and consistency of design outcomes across and within different design disciplines (design classes)
- enhance new ways of user experience and differentiation from competitors
Supportive activities are used in design management to manage design more efficient ('doing the things right') and effectively ('doing the right things'). Depending on a multitude of factors (such as industry, company size, design focus, market situation and the position / role of design within the company), design managers have a broad range of job profiles, with very different roles, activities and responsibilities.
It is difficult to exactly trace the history of design management. Even though design management as an expression is first mentioned in literature in 1964, earlier contributions created the context in which design management could arise. Throughout its history design management was influenced by a number of different disciplines (e.g. architecture, industrial design, management, software development, engineering) and movements (e.g. system theory, design methodologies) and in its understanding it can be attributed neither directly to design nor to management.
Historical development of design management:
|PERIOD||MAIN PERSPECTIVE||DESIGN ROLE||DESIGN MANAGEMENT FOCUS||MAIN ACTORS|
|1940s to 1950s||Design as style||Quality communication||Project management||Alessi, Braun|
|1960s to 1970s||Design as process||Innovation||NPD innovation management||Philips, Sony|
|1980s to 1990s||Design as leadership||Creativity strategy||Brand||Apple|
|2000s to 2010s||Design thinking||New business model||Creative organisation||IDEO|
Design Management Hierarchy
Design management can be divided by its different fields of application into the three different levels:
- operational design management
Operational design management is concerned with the management of individual design projects and design teams.
- tactical design management
Tactical design management addressed the organisation of design resources and design processes.
- strategic design management
Strategic design management involves the creation of the strategic, long-term vision & planning for design and deals with defining the role of design within the company.
Images for kids
Peter Behrens, around 1913 in his office in Berlin, was one of the first contributors to design management.
Product design management helps to create a distinctive design. The Saab hockey stick is an automotive design feature.
Service design management deals with the newly emerging discipline of service design. An example is the Car2Go concept from Daimler AG, as seen in Austin, Texas.
Urban design management contributes to the development of urban districts. The newly built HafenCity, Hamburg, Germany.
Architectural design management contributed to the development of Heathrow Terminal 5 and Heathrow Express by managing the design development and applying visionary leadership.
Strategic design management deals, among other things, with envisioning the future. Visionary automotive concept BMW GINA, BMW Museum, Munich, Germany.
Design management Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.