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Drosophila subobscura facts for kids

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Drosophila subobscura
Drosophila (Sophophora) subobscura (male) collage.jpg
Five images of a Drosophila subobscura (male) on a rotting squash
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Phylum:
Class:
Order:
Family:
Genus:
Subgenus:
Sophophora
Species group:
obscura
Species subgroup:
subobscura
Species:
D. subobscura
Binomial name
Drosophila subobscura
Collin, 1936

Drosophila subobscura is a species of fruit fly in the family Drosophilidae. It was originally found around the Mediterranean, but it has spread to most of Europe and the Near East. It has been introduced into the west coasts of Canada, the United States, and Chile.

Study organism for evolutionary biology

Dobzhansky no Brasil em 1943
Dobzhansky in 1945

D. subobscura, among others in its species group, is a model organism for evolutionary-biological studies. Its genetics and ecology have been studied for over forty years. D. subobscura is frequently used in evolutionary-biological studies.

They have served as favorable models ever since Dobzhansky and his colleagues published their influential works in the 1930s and 40s. From its discovery in the Palearctic realm to its colonization of North and South America, it has attracted the interests of scientists. It has provided evidence of its evolution, biology, and ecology.

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