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Elma, Iowa
Location of Elma, Iowa
Location of Elma, Iowa
Country United States
State Iowa
County Howard
Area
 • Total 1.29 sq mi (3.34 km2)
 • Land 1.29 sq mi (3.34 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation
1,191 ft (363 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 546
 • Estimate 
(2012)
550
 • Density 423.3/sq mi (163.4/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
50628
Area code(s) 641
FIPS code 19-25095
GNIS feature ID 0456341

Elma is a city in Howard County, Iowa, United States. The population was 546 at the 2010 census.

History

Elma had its start in the late 1880s by the building of the railroad through that territory.

Geography

Elma is located at 43°14′44″N 92°26′19″W / 43.245649°N 92.438598°W / 43.245649; -92.438598 (43.245649, -92.438598).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.29 square miles (3.34 km2), all of it land.

Demographics

Historical populations
Year Pop. ±%
1900 976 —    
1910 807 −17.3%
1920 874 +8.3%
1930 771 −11.8%
1940 790 +2.5%
1950 731 −7.5%
1960 706 −3.4%
1970 601 −14.9%
1980 714 +18.8%
1990 653 −8.5%
2000 598 −8.4%
2010 546 −8.7%
2014 534 −2.2%
2015 539 +0.9%
Source: and Iowa Data Center
Source:
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 546 people, 240 households, and 142 families residing in the city. The population density was 423.3 inhabitants per square mile (163.4/km2). There were 272 housing units at an average density of 210.9 per square mile (81.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.3% White, 1.3% African American, 0.2% Pacific Islander, and 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.5% of the population.

There were 240 households of which 22.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.6% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.8% were non-families. 34.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.11 and the average family size was 2.70.

The median age in the city was 51.3 years. 19.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 3.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 16.5% were from 25 to 44; 29.7% were from 45 to 64; and 30.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.6% male and 52.4% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 598 people, 242 households, and 150 families residing in the city. The population density was 464.5 people per square mile (179.0/km2). There were 264 housing units at an average density of 205.1 per square mile (79.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 99.33% White, 0.17% African American, 0.17% Native American, and 0.33% from two or more races.

There were 242 households out of which 24.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.7% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.0% were non-families. 34.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.88.

20.6% were under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 21.4% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 27.9% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 88.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,417, and the median income for a family was $40,417. Males had a median income of $26,250 versus $19,167 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,263. About 10.8% of families and 17.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.3% of those under age 18 and 26.2% of those age 65 or over.es:Ely (Iowa)

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