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Endemic birds of Hawaii facts for kids

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There are 71 known taxa of birds endemic to the Hawaiian Islands, of which 23 are extinct and 30 of the remaining 48 species and subspecies are listed as endangered or threatened by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service. Habitat loss and avian disease are thought to have had the greatest effect on endemic bird species in Hawaii.

List of species

The following is a list of bird species endemic to the Hawaiian Islands:

Procellariidae

Anatidae

Diomedeidae

  • Laysan albatross, Phoebastria immutabilis NT 99.7% of the total population breeds on the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands
  • Black-footed albatross, Phoebastria nigripes NT 97.5% of the total population breeds on the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands

Accipitridae

Rallidae

Recurvirostridae

  • Hawaiian stilt or aeʻo, Himantopus mexicanus knudseni (NR) (H. mexicanus: LC)

Laridae

Strigidae

  • Pueo, Asio flammeus sandwichensis (NR) (A. flammeus: LC)

Mohoidae

Corvidae

Monarchidae

Sylviidae

Turdidae

  • Kamaʻo, Myadestes myadestinusEX
  • ʻĀmaui, Myadestes woahensisEX
  • Olomaʻo, Myadestes lanaiensis lanaiensis (M. lanaiensis: CR)
  • ʻOmaʻo, Myadestes obscurus VU
  • Puaiohi, Myadestes palmeri CR

Drepanididae

  • Laysan finch, Telespiza cantans VU
  • Nihoa finch, Telespiza ultima CR
  • ʻŌʻū, Psittirostra psittacea CR
  • Lanaʻi hookbill, Dysmorodrepanis munroiEX
  • Palila, Loxioides bailleui CR
  • Kauaʻi palila, Loxioides kikuichiEX
  • Lesser koa-finch, Rhodacanthis flavicepsEX
  • Greater koa-finch, Rhodacanthis palmeriEX
  • Kona grosbeak, Chloridops konaEX
  • Maui parrotbill, Pseudonestor xanthophrys CR
  • Kauaʻi ʻakialoa Akialoa stejnegeri or Hemignathus (ellisianus) procerusEX
  • Oʻahu ʻakialoa, Akialoa ellisiana or Hemignathus ellisianus ellisianusEX
  • Maui Nui ʻakialoa, Akialoa lanaiensis or Hemignathus (ellisianus) lanaiensisEX
  • Lesser ʻakialoa, Akialoa obscura or Hemignathus obscurusEX
  • Common ʻamakihi, Hemignathus virens LC
  • Oʻahu ʻamakihi, Hemignathus flavus VU
  • Kauaʻi ʻamakihi, Hemignathus kauaiensis VU
  • Greater ʻamakihi, Hemignathus sagittirostrisEX
  • Maui nukupuʻu, Hemignathus affinis CR
  • Kauai nukupuʻu, Hemignathus hanapepe CR
  • Oʻahu nukupuʻu, Hemignathus lucidusEX
  • Giant nukupuʻu, Hemignathus vorpalisEX
  • ʻAkiapolaʻau, Hemignathus munroi EN
  • ʻAnianiau, Magumma parva VU
  • ʻAkikiki, Oreomystis bairdi CR
  • Hawaiʻi creeper, Oreomystis mana EN
  • Oʻahu ʻalauahio, Paroreomyza maculata CR
  • Maui ʻalauahio, Paroreomyza montana EN
  • Lanaʻi ʻalauahio, Paroreomyza montana montanaEX
  • Kakawahie, Paroreomyza flammeaEX
  • ʻAkekeʻe, Loxops caeruleirostris CR
  • Hawaiʻi ʻakepa, Loxops coccineus EN
  • Maui ʻākepa, Loxops coccineus ochraceusEX
  • Oʻahu ʻākepa, Loxops coccineus wolstenholmeiEX
  • ʻUla-ʻai-hawane, Ciridops annaEX
  • ʻIʻiwi, Vestiaria coccinea VU
  • Hawaiʻi mamo, Drepanis pacificaEX
  • Black mamo, Drepanis funereaEX
  • ʻAkohekohe, Palmeria dolei CR
  • ʻApapane, Himatione sanguinea LC
  • Laysan honeycreeper, Himatione fraithiiEX
  • Poʻouli, Melamprosops phaeosoma CR
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