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Major General

Ewing E. Booth
111-SC-24390 - NARA - 55208387-cropped.jpg
Brigadier General Booth in Haudainville, September 1918
Born (1870-02-28)February 28, 1870
Bowers Mill, Missouri
Died February 19, 1949(1949-02-19) (aged 78)
Chevy Chase, Maryland
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch  United States Army
Years of service 1898–1934
Rank US-O8 insignia.svg Major General

Ewing E. Booth (February 28, 1870 - February 19, 1949) was a general in the United States Army who fought in the Spanish–American War and World War I. He received several decorations for his service, including the United States Army Distinguished Service Medal and the French Croix de Guerre.

Early life

Booth was born on February 28, 1870 to Nathaniel and Martha Bower Booth in Bowers Mill, Missouri. In 1892, he married Elizabeth "Lizzie" Williams; they were the parents of a daughter, Gladys.

Military career

In 1893, Booth enlisted in Colorado National Guard as a private. In 1896, he received his commission as a second lieutenant. He served as a captain in the 1st Colorado Volunteer Infantry during the Spanish–American War and was honorably discharged on July 14, 1899. He was then transferred to the 36th United States Volunteer Infantry, where he served until March 16, 1901. On February 2, 1901, he became a first lieutenant in the 7th Cavalry Regiment. He graduated from the Infantry and Cavalry School in 1903, and transferred to the 10th Cavalry Regiment on August 22, 1904, as a captain. On May 11, 1905 he returned to the 7th Cavalry, and he graduated from the Command and General Staff College in 1905. From 1912 to 1915 Booth served as an aide to Major General J. Franklin Bell. He was assigned to the 1st Cavalry on October 15, 1915, and was promoted to the rank of major on May 15, 1917. Booth served as Chief of Staff of the Army's Eastern Department from June to August 1917, and became a lieutenant colonel on August 5, 1917. He was then assigned to the newly-created 77th Infantry Division as Chief of Staff, becoming a colonel by February 3, 1918, and then a brigadier general on June 25, 1918.

During this period, Booth served as the commanding officer of the 8th Infantry Brigade of the 4th Infantry Division. He participated in the Second Battle of the Marne in July and August 1918, and the Battle of Saint-Mihiel in September. In September and October of that same year he led the 8th Infantry Brigade in the first phase of the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, for which he was later awarded the Army Distinguished Service Medal on July 9, 1919. After the armistice, Booth served with the American army of occupation in Germany until January 10, 1919. He then joined the Service of Supply as assistant Chief of Staff, and was promoted to Chief of Staff on June 20. The following day, Booth was given the additional title of Chief of Staff of all American Forces in France. On January 8, 1920, he was made deputy allied high commander in Armenia, and served in this capacity until June 30.

On July 1, 1920, Booth reverted to the rank of colonel of cavalry and returned to the United States to act as the assistant commandant of the Army's General Service School. He became the school's director in 1921, but left to become an instructor at the Army War College in 1923. After a year of teaching at the college Booth returned to active service, commanding the 4th Cavalry Brigade on the US-Mexico border, followed by the 1st Cavalry Brigade in Arizona. Booth was then commandant of the United States Cavalry School at Fort Riley, Kansas from July 1, 1925 to May 1, 1927, during which time he met and posed for a picture with Will Rogers. From 1927 to 1931 he served as assistant, then deputy Chief of Staff of the United States Department of War. Booth was given command of the 1st Cavalry Division on April 27, 1931, and was then assigned to the Philippines from January 31, 1932 to February 28, 1934.

Death and legacy

Booth retired from military service on February 28, 1934 and moved to Los Angeles, California. After the death of his wife in January 1943, he moved to Chevy Chase, Maryland to live near his daughter. He died in Chevy Chase on February 19, 1949, and was buried at Arlington National Cemetery.

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