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Meuse–Argonne offensive facts for kids

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Meuse–Argonne offensive
Part of the Western Front of World War I
US23rdInfantry37mmGunInActionFrance1918-ARC531005

An American gun crew from Regimental Headquarters Company, 23d Infantry, firing 37mm gun during an advance against German entrenched positions.
Date September 26 – November 11, 1918
Location
Near Montfaucon, northwest of Verdun (present-day Grand Est region), France
49°16′21″N 5°08′31″E / 49.27250°N 5.14194°E / 49.27250; 5.14194Coordinates: 49°16′21″N 5°08′31″E / 49.27250°N 5.14194°E / 49.27250; 5.14194
Result

Allied victory

Belligerents
 United States
 France
 Siam
 German Empire
Commanders and leaders
United States John J. Pershing
French Third Republic Henri Gouraud
French Third Republic Henri Berthelot
German Empire Wilhelm of Prussia
German Empire Max von Gallwitz
German Empire Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg
Units involved

United States American Expeditionary Forces

  • United States First Army
  • United States Second Army
French Third Republic Fourth Army
French Third Republic Fifth Army
Flag of the Siamese Expeditionary Force in World War I (Obverse).svg Siamese Expeditionary Forces
German Empire Army Group German Crown Prince
German Empire Army Group Gallwitz
German Empire Army Group Duke Albrecht
Strength
United States: 1,200,000 personnel
380 tanks
840 planes
2,780 artillery pieces
Flag of the Siamese Expeditionary Force in World War I (Obverse).svg: 850 personnel
450,000 personnel
Casualties and losses
Total: 192,000

United States: 122,063
26,277 killed
95,786 wounded
French Third Republic: 70,000 casualties
Flag of the Siamese Expeditionary Force in World War I (Obverse).svg: 19 killed
Total: c. 126,000
28,000 dead
42,000 wounded
26,000 POWs taken by Americans
30,000 POWs taken by French
874 artillery pieces captured by both

The Meuse–Argonne offensive (also known as the Meuse River–Argonne Forest offensive, the Battles of the Meuse–Argonne, and the Meuse–Argonne campaign) was a major part of the final Allied offensive of World War I that stretched along the entire Western Front. It was fought from September 26, 1918, until the Armistice of November 11, 1918, a total of 47 days. The Meuse–Argonne offensive was the largest in United States military history, involving 1.2 million American soldiers. It is the second deadliest battle in American history, resulting in over 350,000 casualties including 28,000 German lives, 26,277 American lives and an unknown number of French lives. U.S. losses were worsened by the inexperience of many of the troops, the tactics used during the early phases of the operation and the widespread onset of the global influenza outbreak called the "Spanish Flu".

Meuse–Argonne was the principal engagement of the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) during World War I. It was one of a series of Allied attacks known as the Hundred Days Offensive, which brought the war to an end. It was the largest and bloodiest operation of World War I for the AEF even if, given the scale of other battles on the Western Front, its size was limited and the operation itself secondary as it was far from the main offensive axis.

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