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Fletcher Henderson
Fletcher Henderson (1943 publicity photo).jpg
Henderson in 1943
Background information
Birth name James Fletcher Hamilton Henderson
Also known as "Smack" Henderson
Born (1897-12-18)December 18, 1897
Cuthbert, Georgia, U.S.
Died December 29, 1952(1952-12-29) (aged 55)
New York City, U.S.
Genres Jazz, swing
Occupation(s)
  • Musician
  • arranger
  • bandleader
  • composer
Instruments Piano
Years active 1921–1950

James Fletcher Hamilton Henderson (December 18, 1897 – December 29, 1952) was an American pianist, bandleader, arranger and composer, important in the development of big band jazz and swing music. He was one of the most prolific black musical arrangers and, along with Duke Ellington, is considered one of the most influential arrangers and bandleaders in jazz history. Henderson's influence was vast. He helped bridge the gap between the Dixieland and the swing eras. He was often known as "Smack" Henderson (because of smacking sounds he made with his lips).

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