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Cuthbert, Georgia
Cuthbert in 2012.
Cuthbert in 2012.
Location in Randolph County and the state of Georgia
Location in Randolph County and the state of Georgia
Country United States
State Georgia
County Randolph
 • Total 3 sq mi (7.9 km2)
 • Land 3 sq mi (7.9 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
466 ft (142 m)
 • Total 3,425
 • Density 1,243.7/sq mi (473.3/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
31740, 39840
Area code(s) 229
FIPS code 13-21072
GNIS feature ID 0313227

Cuthbert is a city in, and the county seat of, Randolph County, Georgia, United States. The population was 3,731 at the 2000 census.


Cuthbert was founded by European Americans in 1831 as seat of the newly formed Randolph County, after Indian Removal of the historic tribes to Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River. John Alfred Cuthbert, member of Congress, is its namesake. The county was developed for cotton plantations, the major commodity crop, and the rural area had a high proportion of enslaved African-American workers. Cuthbert was incorporated as a town in 1834 and as a city in 1859, serving as the trading center for the area. The Central of Georgia Railway arrived in Cuthbert in the 1850s, stimulating trade and growth, and providing a means of getting cotton and other crops to market.


Cuthbert is located at 31º46'15" North, 84º47'37" West (31.770726, -84.793517). The city is located along U.S. Route 27 and U.S. Route 82. U.S. Route 27 passes east of the city leading north 57 miles (92 km) to Columbus and south 112 miles (180 km) to Tallahassee, Florida. U.S. Route 82 passes through the heart of the city leading east 45 miles (72 km) to Albany and west 26 miles (42 km) to Eufaula, Alabama. Other highways that pass through the city include Georgia State Route 266 and Georgia State Route 216.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.0 square miles (7.8 km2), all land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 2,210
1880 2,129 −3.7%
1890 2,328 9.3%
1900 2,641 13.4%
1910 3,210 21.5%
1920 3,022 −5.9%
1930 3,235 7.0%
1940 3,447 6.6%
1950 4,025 16.8%
1960 4,300 6.8%
1970 3,972 −7.6%
1980 4,340 9.3%
1990 3,730 −14.1%
2000 3,731 0.0%
2010 3,873 3.8%
Est. 2015 3,670 −5.2%
U.S. Decennial Census
Cuthbert GA from airplane
Aerial view of Cuthbert

As of the census of 2000, there were 3,731 people, 1,360 households, and 870 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,223.5 people per square mile (472.3/km²). There were 1,549 housing units at an average density of 507.9 per square mile (196.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 23.69% White, 74.22% African American, 0.32% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 0.88% from other races, and 0.46% from two or more races. 1.96% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,360 households out of which 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 30.7% were married couples living together, 29.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.0% were non-families. 33.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the city, the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 14.8% from 18 to 24, 23.2% from 25 to 44, 19.2% from 45 to 64, and 16.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 80.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 71.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $16,400, and the median income for a family was $25,000. Males had a median income of $26,696 versus $16,976 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,166. 33.5% of the population and 29.2% of families were below the poverty line, including 39.8% of those under the age of 18 and 38.5% of those 65 and older.

Culture and historic district

Cuthbert is home to Andrew College (formerly Andrew Female College), a two-year private liberal arts college. The Fletcher Henderson Museum is being established in Cuthbert in honor of the 20th-century jazz musician and orchestra arranger.

The city has notable sites such as a Confederate Army cemetery, historical houses built in the 1800s, and the Fletcher Henderson home. In 2007 an announcement was made of a museum to be dedicated to late resident Lena Baker and issues of racial justice. Baker was an African-American maid who was convicted of capital murder in 1945 in the death of a white man. She had claimed self-defense, and in 2005 the state posthumously pardoned her.


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