kids encyclopedia robot

Fritillaria biflora facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Fritillaria biflora
Fritillaria biflora2.jpg
Scientific classification
F. biflora
Binomial name
Fritillaria biflora
  • Amblirion lanceolatum Sweet
  • Fritillaria biflora var. inflexa Jeps.
  • Fritillaria kamtschatcensis Torr. (not Fritillaria camschatcensis (L.) Ker Gawler)
  • Fritillaria lanceolata Torr.
  • Fritillaria succulenta Elmer
  • Liliorhiza viridis Kellogg

Fritillaria biflora (chocolate lily, mission bells) is a species of fritillary native to western California and northern Baja California. It occurs in the chaparral and woodlands ecoregion, often in serpentine soil formations and hillside grassland habitats.

Fritillaria biflora is a perennial herb up to 60 cm tall. It is called "chocolate lily" because its flowers can resemble the color of chocolate, although sometimes they are dark brown, greenish purple, or yellowish green. Flowers bloom in March and April.

Fritillaria biflora should not be confused with Arthropodium strictum, which is also called "chocolate lily". In the latter, the scent is reminiscent of chocolate, rather than the color. The Kamchatka fritillary (F. camschatcensis) is sometimes also called "chocolate lily" in Alaska.


Two varieties are recognized:

  • Fritillaria biflora var. biflora—leaves widely lanceolate, most of the species range
  • Fritillaria biflora var. ineziana Jeps., Fl. Calif. 1: 306 (1922). -- leaves narrowly lanceolate, endangered taxon known only from one location in San Mateo County
Black History Month on Kiddle
Famous African-American Architects:
Calvin Brent
Walter T. Bailey
Martha Cassell Thompson
Alberta Jeannette Cassell
kids search engine
Fritillaria biflora Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.