kids encyclopedia robot

Gabo Island facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Gabo Island
Geography
Location Bass Strait
Length 2.4 km (1.49 mi)
Width 0.8 km (0.5 mi)
Highest elevation 52 m (171 ft)
Administration
Australia
State Victoria

Gabo Island is a 154-hectare (380-acre) island located off the coast of eastern Victoria, Australia, between Mallacoota and Cape Howe on the border with New South Wales. It is separated from the mainland by a 500-metre (1,600 ft) wide channel; access is available by arranged flights and boats. Gabo Island is a shipping reference commonly referred to in Victorian weather warnings issued by the Australian Bureau of Meteorology.

Gabo Island Lighthouse

Gabo Island is well known for its historic lighthouse. This lighthouse, Australia's second tallest, was completed in 1862 and made from pink granite quarried from the island itself. The focal plane of the light is situated at 55 metres (180 ft) above sea level, the characteristic is a group of three flashes that occurs every twenty seconds. A keeper's house is occupied by a caretaker; another building may be rented for overnight stays.

Climate

Climate data for Gabo Island Lighthouse
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 40.8
(105.4)
39.1
(102.4)
38.6
(101.5)
35.0
(95)
26.6
(79.9)
22.5
(72.5)
23.3
(73.9)
26.7
(80.1)
31.0
(87.8)
35.6
(96.1)
37.2
(99)
38.4
(101.1)
40.8
(105.4)
Average high °C (°F) 21.3
(70.3)
21.6
(70.9)
21.0
(69.8)
19.2
(66.6)
16.9
(62.4)
14.8
(58.6)
14.1
(57.4)
14.7
(58.5)
15.9
(60.6)
17.2
(63)
18.4
(65.1)
19.9
(67.8)
17.9
(64.2)
Average low °C (°F) 15.8
(60.4)
16.2
(61.2)
15.4
(59.7)
13.5
(56.3)
11.2
(52.2)
9.3
(48.7)
8.2
(46.8)
8.5
(47.3)
9.7
(49.5)
11.2
(52.2)
12.8
(55)
14.4
(57.9)
12.2
(54)
Record low °C (°F) 6.3
(43.3)
7.8
(46)
7.8
(46)
6.4
(43.5)
2.2
(36)
3.3
(37.9)
2.0
(35.6)
2.8
(37)
2.8
(37)
2.8
(37)
1.7
(35.1)
7.2
(45)
1.7
(35.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 70.2
(2.764)
67.7
(2.665)
72.5
(2.854)
84.4
(3.323)
98.3
(3.87)
103.4
(4.071)
85.4
(3.362)
71.5
(2.815)
72.5
(2.854)
74.4
(2.929)
73.1
(2.878)
66.7
(2.626)
941.9
(37.083)
Avg. precipitation days 9.4 9.1 10.6 11.8 13.4 14.4 13.7 13.3 13.3 13.3 11.6 10.8 144.7
Source: Bureau of Meteorology

Birds

The island is home to the world's largest colony of little penguins. Gabo and nearby Tullaberga Island have been identified by BirdLife International as an Important Bird Area because of the numbers of breeding penguins (up to 21,000 pairs) and white-faced storm petrels (up to 20,000 pairs). Concern of predation of native birds and animals led to a successful feral cat eradication program on the island between 1987 and 1991.

Literary references

“The wind that blows by Gabo,” is the title of a poem by E.J. Brady.

kids search engine
Gabo Island Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.