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Gaston, South Carolina
Location of Gaston, South Carolina
Location of Gaston, South Carolina
Country United States
State South Carolina
County Lexington
Area
 • Total 3.4 sq mi (8.9 km2)
 • Land 3.4 sq mi (8.9 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
499 ft (152 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 1,645
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
29053
Area code(s) 803
FIPS code 45-28780
GNIS feature ID 1231307
Website www.gastonsc.org

Gaston is a town in Lexington County, South Carolina, United States. The population was 1,645 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Columbia, South Carolina Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Gaston is named for the Gaston family.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1980 960
1990 984 2.5%
2000 1,304 32.5%
2010 1,645 26.2%
Est. 2015 1,658 0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,304 people, 484 households, and 366 families residing in the town. The population density was 380.6 people per square mile (146.8/km²). There were 532 housing units at an average density of 155.3 per square mile (59.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 95.71% White, 1.07% African American, 0.84% Native American, 0.46% from other races, and 1.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.92% of the population.

There were 484 households out of which 40.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.1% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.2% were non-families. 19.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the town, the population was spread out with 28.9% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 31.9% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 8.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 97.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $31,411, and the median income for a family was $32,917. Males had a median income of $27,857 versus $21,680 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,546. About 17.1% of families and 18.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.1% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over.

Geography

Peachtree Rock D.Burdick
Peachtree Rock

Gaston is located at 33°48′57″N 81°6′3″W / 33.81583°N 81.10083°W / 33.81583; -81.10083 (33.815927, -81.100937), on the banks of Bull Swamp Creek. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 3.4 square miles (8.8 km2), all of it land.

Gaston is home to Peachtree Rock-although it fell due to weather in 2013, located on the headwaters of Hunt Branch, right off of Highway 6 on Peachtree Rock Road. Hunt Branch feeds into Second Creek, which in turn flows into the Congaree River.

The Peachtree Rock Heritage Preserve, a Nature Conservancy property preserving 3,460 acres (1,400 ha) of land, is home to several unique sandstone and ironstone formations. These formations, resemble upside-down pyramids. Millions of years ago, this area—now known as the Sandhills—was the southeastern coastline of the continent. The park contains 7.5 miles (12.1 km) of hiking trails,. It also contains the only coastal plain waterfall in South Carolina.

The rock formations at Peachtree Rock Nature preserve are made from different types of rock. Sandstone, also known as arenite, makes up the softer, bottom layers of the formations while ironstone accounts for the harder and less-eroded top layers.

Town finances and services

Gaston relies mostly on business fees.

In 2010, Gaston hired a police officer more than two years after dismantling its police department. Calhoun County Sheriff's Deputy Pat Regalis took over as police chief on August 2, 2010.

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