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Gayville, South Dakota facts for kids

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Gayville, South Dakota
Location in Yankton County and the state of South Dakota
Location in Yankton County and the state of South Dakota
Country United States
State South Dakota
County Yankton
Incorporated 1892
 • Total 0.20 sq mi (0.53 km2)
 • Land 0.20 sq mi (0.53 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
1,161 ft (354 m)
 • Total 407
 • Estimate 
 • Density 1,931.71/sq mi (746.38/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 605
FIPS code 46-23900
GNIS feature ID 1255217

Gayville is a town in Yankton County, South Dakota, United States. The population was 407 at the 2010 census.


Gayville was originally settled chiefly by Scandinavian farmers. A post office was established as White Hall in 1870, renamed Boreman in 1872, and again renamed Gayville in 1873. The present name honors Elkanah Gay, an early postmaster. Gayville was a station on the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Railroad.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.21 square miles (0.54 km2), all of it land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 257
1920 305 18.7%
1930 261 −14.4%
1940 278 6.5%
1950 271 −2.5%
1960 261 −3.7%
1970 269 3.1%
1980 407 51.3%
1990 401 −1.5%
2000 418 4.2%
2010 407 −2.6%
2019 (est.) 396 −2.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 407 people, 163 households, and 109 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,938.1 inhabitants per square mile (748.3/km2). There were 179 housing units at an average density of 852.4 per square mile (329.1/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.8% White, 0.7% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.7% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population.

There were 163 households, of which 41.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.0% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.1% were non-families. 28.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.09.

The median age in the town was 34.1 years. 31.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.8% were from 25 to 44; 21.3% were from 45 to 64; and 13.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 49.6% male and 50.4% female.


Gayville is the self-proclaimed "Hay Capital of the World". Gayville is also constantly in competition with nearby Meckling, the self-proclaimed "Hay Capital of the Universe."

Gayville is home of the annual Gayville Hay Days celebration in July. It is also home of the old-time music hall, Gayville Hall, located in the historic Bagsted and Aaseth Building on the town's main street (Washington Street). Gayville Hall, known for its family atmosphere, was started in 2001 and presents two-hour music shows on Saturdays from March through early December each year, including the recurring "Hay Country Jamboree," a monthly "extravaganza" of old-time popular songs, country, bluegrass and humor. The venue is also noted for its tributes to country music legends like Hank Williams, Johnny Cash, Merle Haggard, and Waylon. Other genres of music performed include folk, jazz, dixieland, and gospel.

Notable people

  • Marv Olson, professional baseball player
  • Nels H. Smith, 18th governor of Wyoming

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