George M. Parker (general) facts for kids
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George Marshall Parker Jr.
April 17, 1889|
|Died||October 25, 1968(aged 79)|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
||United States Army|
|Years of service||1910–1946|
|Commands held||Commander of the Philippine II Corps|
|Battles/wars||Pancho Villa Expedition
World War I
World War II
|Awards||Distinguished Service Medal|
George Marshall Parker, Jr. (April 17, 1889 – October 25, 1968) was an officer of the United States Army with the rank of major general. General Parker commanded Philippine II Corps during the Battle of Bataan.
Parker was born and raised in Iowa and was commissioned a 2nd lieutenant of Infantry in the U.S. Army in 1910. He rose to the rank of major during World War I and graduated from the Army War College in 1925. He was promoted to lieutenant colonel in 1934 and to colonel in 1939.
Parker was assigned to the Philippines shortly before the Japanese invasion and was promoted to brigadier general in April 1941.
World War II
On 4 November 1941, shortly before the Japanese invasion of the Philippines, Parker was assigned the command of the Southern Luzon Force (SLF), which consisted of the 41st Division, 51st Division and the Battery A of 86th Field Artillery Regiment of the Philippine Scouts. The 41st Division was centered around Nasugbu, Batangas and Tagaytay Ridge to meet any landings by the Japanese on the western shores of Southern Luzon, while the 51st was assigned on the eastern shores of in the event the Japanese would land in the vicinity of Lamon Bay.
On December 23, two weeks after the Japanese landings, the SLF was ordered to Bataan as General Douglas MacArthur activated War Plan Orange. On December 24 Parker was appointed commander of the Bataan Defense Force (BDF) and promoted to major general. On 6 January 1942, the BDF was converted to the Philippines II Corps, during the Battle of Bataan.
Parker surrendered the II Philippine Corps on 9 April 1942 and was a prisoner of war until the Japanese surrender in August 1945. He was one of 14 American generals captured in the Philippines.
General Parker retired from the Army on 30 September 1946.
|Army Distinguished Service Medal|
|Prisoner of War Medal (posthumous)|
|Mexican Border Service Medal|
|World War I Victory Medal|
|American Defense Service Medal with "Foreign Service" clasp|
|Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with one campaign star|
|World War II Victory Medal|
|Philippine Defense Medal with service star|
Dates of rank
|No insignia in 1910||Second lieutenant, Regular Army: May 18, 1910|
|First lieutenant, Regular Army: July 1, 1916|
|Captain, Regular Army: May 17, 1917|
|Major, National Army: June 7, 1918|
|Major, Regular Army: July 1, 1920|
|Lieutenant colonel, Regular Army: October 1, 1934|
|Colonel, Regular Army: January 1, 1939|
|Brigadier general, Army of the United States: April 19, 1941|
|Major general, Army of the United States: December 18, 1941|
|Major general, Retired List: September 30, 1946|
Source: U.S. Army Register, 1948.
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