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George M. Parker (general) facts for kids

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George Marshall Parker Jr.
George M. Parker.jpg
Born (1889-04-17)April 17, 1889
Iowa
Died October 25, 1968(1968-10-25) (aged 79)
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch  United States Army
Years of service 1910–1946
Rank US-O8 insignia.svg Major general
Commands held Commander of the Philippine II Corps
Battles/wars Pancho Villa Expedition
World War I
World War II
Awards Distinguished Service Medal

George Marshall Parker, Jr. (April 17, 1889 – October 25, 1968) was an officer of the United States Army with the rank of major general. General Parker commanded Philippine II Corps during the Battle of Bataan.

Biography

Parker was born and raised in Iowa and was commissioned a 2nd lieutenant of Infantry in the U.S. Army in 1910. He rose to the rank of major during World War I and graduated from the Army War College in 1925. He was promoted to lieutenant colonel in 1934 and to colonel in 1939.

Parker was assigned to the Philippines shortly before the Japanese invasion and was promoted to brigadier general in April 1941.

World War II

On 4 November 1941, shortly before the Japanese invasion of the Philippines, Parker was assigned the command of the Southern Luzon Force (SLF), which consisted of the 41st Division, 51st Division and the Battery A of 86th Field Artillery Regiment of the Philippine Scouts. The 41st Division was centered around Nasugbu, Batangas and Tagaytay Ridge to meet any landings by the Japanese on the western shores of Southern Luzon, while the 51st was assigned on the eastern shores of in the event the Japanese would land in the vicinity of Lamon Bay.

On December 23, two weeks after the Japanese landings, the SLF was ordered to Bataan as General Douglas MacArthur activated War Plan Orange. On December 24 Parker was appointed commander of the Bataan Defense Force (BDF) and promoted to major general. On 6 January 1942, the BDF was converted to the Philippines II Corps, during the Battle of Bataan.

Parker surrendered the II Philippine Corps on 9 April 1942 and was a prisoner of war until the Japanese surrender in August 1945. He was one of 14 American generals captured in the Philippines.

General Parker retired from the Army on 30 September 1946.

Decorations

Army Distinguished Service Medal
Prisoner of War Medal (posthumous)
Mexican Border Service Medal
World War I Victory Medal
American Defense Service Medal with "Foreign Service" clasp
Bronze star
Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with one campaign star
World War II Victory Medal
Bronze star
Philippine Defense Medal with service star

Dates of rank

No insignia in 1910 Second lieutenant, Regular Army: May 18, 1910
US-OF1A.svg First lieutenant, Regular Army: July 1, 1916
US-O3 insignia.svg Captain, Regular Army: May 17, 1917
US-O4 insignia.svg Major, National Army: June 7, 1918
US-O4 insignia.svg Major, Regular Army: July 1, 1920
US-O5 insignia.svg Lieutenant colonel, Regular Army: October 1, 1934
US-O6 insignia.svg Colonel, Regular Army: January 1, 1939
US-O7 insignia.svg Brigadier general, Army of the United States: April 19, 1941
US-O8 insignia.svg Major general, Army of the United States: December 18, 1941
US-O8 insignia.svg Major general, Retired List: September 30, 1946

Source: U.S. Army Register, 1948.

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