George Medal facts for kids
|The George Medal|
Ribbon: 32mm, crimson with five narrow blue stripes.
|Awarded by the UK and Commonwealth|
|Eligibility||Those performing acts of bravery in, or meriting recognition by, the United Kingdom.|
|Awarded for||"... acts of great bravery."|
|Description||Silver disc, 36mm diameter.|
|Established||24 September 1940|
|Total awarded||approx 2,200|
|Next (higher)||George Cross|
|Next (lower)||Queen's Gallantry Medal, Sea Gallantry Medal|
The GM was created on 24 September 1940 by King George VI. At this time, during the height of The Blitz, there was a desire to reward acts of civilian courage. It was decided that the George Cross and the GM would recognise civilian bravery in the face of enemy action and brave deeds more widely.
Announcing the new award, the King said:
- "In order that they should be worthily and promptly recognised, I have decided to create, at once, a new mark of honour for men and women in all walks of civilian life. I propose to give my name to this new distinction, which will consist of the George Cross, which will rank next to the Victoria Cross, and the George Medal for wider distribution".
The Warrant for the GM was published in the London Gazette on 31 January 1941. The medal is granted in recognition of "acts of great bravery". The GM was originally not issued posthumously, but the warrant was amended in 1977 to allow posthumous awards, several of which have been subsequently made.
The medal is primarily a civilian award, but it may be awarded to military personnel for gallant conduct that is not in the face of the enemy. As the Warrant states:
- "The Medal is intended primarily for civilians and award in Our military services is to be confined to actions for which purely military Honours are not normally granted".
Bars are awarded to the GM in recognition of the performance of further acts of bravery meriting the award. In undress uniform or on occasions when the medal ribbon alone is worn, a silver rosette is worn on the ribbon to indicate each bar. Recipients are entitled to the postnominal letters GM.
The details of all awards to British and Commonwealth recipients are published in the London Gazette.
George Medal Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.