Hopevale, Queensland facts for kids
|Area:||1118 km² (431.7 sq mi)|
|LGA:||Hope Vale Aboriginal Shire Council|
Hopevale, (or Hope Vale), Queensland, Australia is an Aboriginal community on Cape York Peninsula about 46 kilometres (29 mi) northwest of Cooktown by road, and about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) off the Battlecamp Road that leads to Lakefield National Park and Laura. At the 2011 census, Hopevale had a population of 1,005 people.
Early mission station
Owing to fears that the German-influenced Aboriginal people might cooperate with the advancing Japanese in World War II, the total population of 286 was evacuated south to various communities by the military in May 1942. The German Lutheran missionaries were sent to internment camps. Most of the people were sent to Woorabinda, near Rockhampton, in Queensland, where a large number reportedly perished from disease and malnutrition. Hope Vale was re-established as a Lutheran mission in September 1949. Aboriginal people from the Hope Valley and Cape Bedford Missions settled there. A work crew was allowed to return in 1949 and the first families came home in 1950. Hopevale Post Office opened on 1 May 1965 and closed in 1990.
Hopevale is no longer run as a mission by the church but by its own elected community council. In 1986 it received a "deed of grant in trust" (DOGIT) which "granted title to 110,000 ha of land which was previously Aboriginal Reserve Land held by the Under Secretary as trustee, to the community council to act as trustees of the land for the benefit of the residents." The Aboriginal Land Act 1991 (Qld) transferred into Indigenous ownership all previous reserve land under DOGIT (Deed of Grant in Trust) titles.
- "The Warra people of the Hopevale Community of Eastern Cape York Peninsula in Queensland received acknowledgement of their native title rights in December 1997. The determination recognised rights of exclusive possession, occupation use and enjoyment over 110,000 ha. (Native Title Determination, Warra Peoples, Hope Vale Community of Cape York (NNTT ref# QC96/15))"
Hopevale is home to several clan groups who mostly speak Guugu Yimidhirr and other related languages, as well as English.
Due to a lack of reliable water supplies at Elim, the community was shifted about 20 kilometres (12 mi) inland to its present site.
Notable former residents of Hopevale are Queensland rugby league player Matt Bowen and lawyer and activist Noel Pearson. Pearson has criticised the level of violence in the community.
On 21 July 2008 the Hope Vale community opened the Indigenous Knowledge and Technology Centre (IKTC), in the Jack Bambie building. This centre provides a library service, training venue and public Internet access.
The Hope Vale community has a strong choral singing tradition since its evacuation to Woorabinda. The ensemble has performed at the Queensland Music Festival on three occasions—in 2005, 2007 and 2009.
- Wynter, Jo and Hill, John. 1991. Cape York Peninsula: Pathways to Community Economic Development. The Final Report of The Community Economic Development Projects Cook Shire. Cook Shire Council.
- Aboriginal Co-Ordinating Council Media Facility. 2002. The Woorabinda Story: 7 Years in Exile.
- Australian Broadcasting Corporation, Cairns. 20 April 2005. The Morning Show with Pat Morrish. Radio Broadcast.
- Bambie, Herman (Interviewer Deborah Somersall) (ed). 2000. Bringing Them Home Oral History Project. Hope Vale, 26 October, Oral History, TRC 5000/ 204.
- Bennett, Judy and Gordon, Wilfred. 2007. ‘Social Capital and the Indigenous Tourism Entrepreneur’. In: J. Buultjens and D. Fuller (eds) Striving for Sustainability: Case Studies in Indigenous Tourism, pp. 333–70. Lismore, NSW, Australia: Southern Cross University Press.
- Brad, Jen. 1994. Milbi Thagaalbigu Balgaayga (A Story from a Long Time Ago). Hopevale: Guugu Yimithirr Cultural Centre.
- Costello, Michael (Interviewer David Woodgate) (ed) (2000) Bringing Them Home Oral History Project. Hope Vale, 26 October, Oral History, TRC 5000/ 187.
- Deeral, Eric no date. Lest we Forget: Home at Last. Hopevale: Guugu Yimithirr Cultural Centre.
- Dekker, John. 8 June 1970. Guugu-Yimidhirr Words of Life (1). Global Recordings: catalogue number C16750, CD.
- Dekker, John. 8 June 1970. Guugu-Yimidhirr Words of Life (2). Global Recordings: catalogue number C16751, CD.
- Evans, Kay E. 1972. ‘Marie Yamba, Bloomfield and Hope Vale: The Lutheran Missions to the North Queensland Aborigines, 1886-1905’ Queensland Heritage 2.6:26-35.
- Gordon, Tulo and Haviland, John. 1980. "Milbi: Aboriginal Tales from Queensland's Endeavour River. Canberra: Australian National University Press.
- Gordon, Wilfred and Bennett, Judy (July 2007 first print no copyright) Guurbi: My Special Place.
- Grope, L. B. and Roennfeldt, Ivan. 1977. From Despair to Hope: A Brief Survey of the Hope Vale Mission from Its Establishment to the Present. Hope Vale: Hope Vale Mission.
- Hart, Roger (Interviewer David Woodgate) (ed). 2000. Bringing Them Home Oral History Project. Hope Vale, 26 October, Oral History, TRC 5000/193.
- Haviland, John and Haviland, Leslie. 1980. '"How much Food will there be in Heaven?" Lutherans and Aborigines around Cooktown to 1900.' Aboriginal History 4.2:118-49.
- Haviland, John Beard. 1985. ‘The Life History of a Speech Community: Guugu Yimidhirr at Hopevale’ Aboriginal History 9.2/1:170-209.
- Haviland, John Beard. 1988. Guugu Yimithirr Word List. Reed College.
- Haviland, John B. 1990. "’That was the Last Time I Seen Them, and No More": Voices Through Time in Australian Aboriginal Autobiography’. American Ethnology 18.2: 331-61.
- Jack, Walter (Interviewer David Woodgate) (ed). 2000. Bringing Them Home Oral History Project. Hope Vale, 26 October, Oral History, TRC 5000/192.
- Kernich, E.C. 1958. ‘Hopevale Mission: Church Dedication’. The Lutheran Herald, 12 July, pp 204–05.
- Lohe, Paul. 1977. ‘Focus on Hopevale’. The Lutheran 11.16:14-15.
- Loos, Noel A. 1975. ‘A Conflict of Faiths: Aboriginal Reaction to the First Missionaries in North Queensland’ in Noel Loos (ed) Lectures on North Queensland History: Second Series, pp. 47–55. Townsville: James Cook University of North Queensland.
- Pearson, Noel. 1986. "Ngamu-ngaadyarr, Muuri-bunggaga and Midha Mini". In: Guugu Yimidhirr History (Dingoes, Sheep and Mr Muni in Guugu Yimidhirr History). Hope Vale Lutheran Mission 1900-1950. Unpublished BA Dissertation, History Department University of Sydney, Australia.
- Powell, Fiona. 2002. ‘Transformations in Guugu Yimithirr Kinship Terminology’. Anthropological Forum 12.2:177-92.
- Richards, Jonathan, 2012.‘What a howl there would be if some of our folk were so treated by an enemy’: The evacuation of Aboriginal people from Cape Bedford Mission, 1942 in Aboriginal History, 36, pp. 67 – 98, http://epress.anu.edu.au?p=224611.
- Roennfeldt, I.L. 1959. ‘Board Members go North’. The Lutheran Herald, 24 October. p. 319.
- Rose, Gordon. 1978. ‘The Heart of a Man: A Biography of Missionary G.H. Schwarz’. Yearbook of the Lutheran Church of Australia, pp. 26–68.
- Rosendale, George, trans. 1986. Gunbu Guugu Yimithirrbi. Hopevale: Hopevale Lutheran Congregation.
- Rosendale, Len (Interviewer David Woodgate) (ed). 2000. Bringing Them Home Oral History Project. Hope Vale, 25 October, Oral History, TRC 5000/194.
- Roth, Walter E. 1909. "On Certain Initiation ceremonies". North Queensland Ethnography 12:166-85.
- Swijghuisen Reigersberg, Muriel E. 2012.‘We are Lutherans from Germany’: Music, language, social history and change in Hopevale' in Aboriginal History, 36, pp. 99 – 117, http://epress.anu.edu.au?p=224611
- Swijghuisen Reigersberg, Muriel E. 2011.‘Research Ethics, Positive and Negative Impact and working in an Indigenous Australian Context’ in Ethnomusicology Forum, 20(2), pp. 255–262. (Refers to fieldwork undertaken in Hopevale) .
- Swijghuisen Reigersberg, Muriel E. 2008. "Choral singing and the construction of Australian Aboriginal Identities: an applied ethnomusicological study in Hopevale, Northern Queensland, Australia." Unpublished thesis. School of Arts, Roehampton University, University of Surrey, London, UK.
- Thompson, Rev. David (ed). 2004. Milbi Dabaar: A Resource Book. Cairns: Wontulp-Bi-Buya College.
- de Zwaan, Jan D. 1966. George Bowen, and McIvor, Paddy and Jacko, Billy and Gibson, Archie and Wilson, Baru and Mulgal, Maud, and Gordon, Mary Jane. Lexical and Grammatical Elicitation of Gugu Yimidhirr and Songs. Hope Vale, Field Recording: Language Elicitation and Songs, Archive AIATSIS 01085.
- de Zwaan, Jan D. 1969. "The Preliminary Analysis of Gogo-Yimidjir: A Study of the Structure of the Primary Dialect of the Aboriginal Language Spoken at the Hopevale Mission in North Queensland." Australian Aboriginal Studies 16.5
Hopevale, Queensland Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.