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Jōkyū facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

Jōkyū (承久 ), also called Shōkyū, was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, lit. year name) after Kempō and before Jōō. This period started in April 1219 and ended in April 1222. The reigning emperor was Juntoku-tennō (順徳天皇).

Events of the Jōkyū era

  • 12 February 1219 (Jōkyū 1, 26th day of the 1st month): Shogun Sanetomo was assassinated on the steps of Tsurugaoka Hachiman-gū in Kamakura."
  • 1220 (Jōkyū 2, 2nd month): The emperor visited the Iwashimizu Shrine and the Kamo Shrines.
  • 13 May 1221 (Jōkyū 3, 20th day of the 4th month): In the 11th year of Juntoku's reign, the emperor abdicated; and the succession (senso) was received by eldest son who was only 4 years old. Soon after, Emperor Chūkyō is said to have acceded to the throne (sokui). Chūkyō was emperor for only a few months.
  • 29 July 1221 (Jōkyū 3, 9th day of the 7th month): In the 1st year of what is now considered to have been Chūkyō's reign, he abdicated; and contemporary scholars then construed that the succession (senso) was received by a grandson of former Emperor Go-Toba.
  • 1221 (Jōkyū 3): The Jōkyū War (Jōkyū no ran) was an armed attempt by Emperor Go-Toba to take power from the Kamakura shogunate. The effort did not succeed.
  • 14 January 1222 (Jōkyū 3, 1st day of the 12th month): Emperor Go-Horikawa's role as emperor was confirmed (sokui).

Related pages

Jōkyū 1st 2nd 3rd 4th
1219 1220 1221 1222
Preceded by:
Era or nengō:
Succeeded by:
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