Abdication facts for kids
Abdication is the act of resigning from an office (official job), especially from being the leader of a country. The word is normally used for kings and queens who decide to give up their position which brings an end to a reign. The term is also used for popes.
A similar term for an elected or appointed official is resignation.
King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom is an example of a king who abdicated.
Select list of abdications
- Caedwalla of Wessex, 688
- Ine of Wessex, 726
- Pope Benedict IX, 1048
- Stephen II of Hungary, 1131
- Pope Celestine V, 1294
- Richard II of England, 1399
- Pope Gregory XII, 1415.
- Murad II, Ottoman Sultan, 1444-1445
- Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, 1556
- Christina of Sweden, 1654
- James II of England, 1688
- Philip V of Spain, 1724
- Ahmed III, Sultan of Turkey, 1730
- Napoleon I, Emperor of France, 1814 and 1815
- Charles X of France, 1830
- Pedro I of Brazil, 1831
- Miguel of Portugal, 1834
- Louis Philippe I of France, 1848
- Fredrik Kaarle I of Finland, 1918
- Edward VIII of the United Kingdom, 1936
- Pope Benedict XVI, 2013.
- Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands, 2013
- King Albert II of Belgium, 2013
- King Juan Carlos I of Spain, 2014
- Emperor Akihito of Japan, 2019
Images for kids
Napoleon's first abdication, signed at the Palace of Fontainebleau 4 April 1814
Dom Pedro I, founder and emperor of the Empire of Brazil, delivers his abdication letter on 7 April 1831
Tomb effigy of heart of King John II Casimir Vasa at Abbaye de Saint-Germain-des-Prés in Paris, showing removal of the crown
Queen Christina of Sweden (daughter of Protestant champion Gustav II Adolph) shocked Europe by abdicating to move to Rome and serve the pope.
- In Spanish: Abdicación