Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsGustav II Adolf
|King of Sweden
|30 October 1611 – 6 November 1632
|12 October 1617
|9 December 1594
Castle Tre Kronor, Sweden
|6 November 1632
Lützen, Electorate of Saxony
|22 June 1634
Riddarholmen Church, Stockholm
|Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg
|House of Vasa
|Christina of Holstein-Gottorp
He is often said to have made Sweden a great power. (In Swedish: Stormaktstiden). He is also said to be one of the best military leaders of all time. Gustav led Sweden to be a military power during the Thirty Years' War and spent most of his reign fighting.
Gustavus Adolphus was born in Stockholm. His parents were Charles IX of Sweden and his second wife, Christina of Holstein-Gottorp. When his father died in October 1611, while Gustavus was only 16 years old, he became King of Sweden.
In June 1630 he landed in Germany, starting the Swedish fight in the Thirty Year's War on the Anti-Imperial Protestant side, which was losing at the time. With Sweden's help the situation flipped so that the Protestants were winning.
Gustavus died in the Battle of Lützen in 1632 while leading a cavalry attack.
Gustavus Adolphus Day
Images for kids
The Lion of the North: Gustavus Adolphus depicted at the turning point of the Battle of Breitenfeld (1631) against the forces of Count Tilly.
Gustavus Adolphus at Breitenfeld in 1631
Gustavus Adolphus's sarcophagus at Riddarholm Church
A GAW Flag in the Protestant church of Sopron, Hungary
Image of King Gustav Adolph on a wall of Stockholm Palace
Cathedral memorial in Borlänge
In Spanish: Gustavo II Adolfo de Suecia para niños
Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.