Kamakura period facts for kids
The Kamakura period (鎌倉時代 Kamakura jidai) is a time in the Japanese history from 1185 through 1333 in the history of Japan. This grouping of years is named after city of Kamakura which was the center of power of the Kamakura shogunate.
The Kamakura period ended in 1333 with the destruction of the shogunate. Imperial rule was re-established under Emperor Go-Daigo.
Flourishing of Buddhism
Buddhism expanded during this period. A number of monks founded separate Buddhist sects, including
- • Hōnen, founder of the Jōdo shū sect
- • Shinran, disciple of Hōnen; founder of Jōdo Shinshū
- • Ippen, founder of the Ji sect
- • Dōgen, founder of the Sōtō school of Zen
- • Eisai, founder of the Rinzai school of Zen
- • Nichiren, founder of the sect of Buddhism named after him
The older Buddhist sects such as Shingon and Tendai continued to thrive.
- 1185 (Genryaku 2, 24th day of the 3rd month): Taira clan (Heike) defeated at sea by Minamoto Yoshitsune
- 1191 (Kenkyū 2): Esai establishes Zen in Japan
- 1192 (Kenkyū 3): Minamoto Yoritomo appointed as shogun
- 1207 (Ken'ei 1): Hōnen and his followers are exiled
- 1221 (Jōkyū 3): In the Jōkyū War (承久の乱 jōkyū no ran), Emperor Go-Toba tried to take power from the Kamakura shogunate. The effort did not succeed.
- 1252 (Kenchō 2): Great Buddha of Kamakura was put in place at Kōtoku-in.
- November 19, 1274 (Bun'ei 11, 20th day of the 10th month): Kublai Khan sent a fleet and an army to invade Japan; Battle of Bun'ei (文永の役 Bun'ei no eki) or the "Bun'ei War".
- 1281 (Kōan 4): Battle of Kōan (弘安の役 Kōan no eki) or the "Kōan War".
- 1293 (Einin 1): Disastrous earthquake and tsunami hit Sagami Bay and Kamakura, killing 23,034 people.
- 1333 (Genkō 3): Nitta Yoshisada destroys the Kamakura shogunate in the Siege of Kamakura (鎌倉の戦い).
- Metropolitan Museum of Art, Kamakura and Nanbokucho Periods (1185–1392)
- British Museum, Kamakura period (AD 1185-1333)
- Japan-guide.com, Kamakura Period (1192 - 1333)
Images for kids
A famous Japanese wooden kongorikishi statue of Tōdai-ji, Nara. It was made by Busshi Unkei in 1203.
Head of a Guardian, 13th century. Hinoki wood with lacquer on cloth, pigment, rock crystal, metal. Before entering most Japanese Buddhist temples, visitors must pass large and imposing sculptures of ferocious guardian figures whose role is to protect the premises from the enemies of the religion. The aggressive stances and exaggerated facial features of these figures stand in sharp contrast to the calm demeanor of the Buddha enshrined inside. Brooklyn Museum
Japanese samurai boarding Mongol ships in 1281
Kamakura period Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.