Kamakura period facts for kids

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History of Japan

The Kamakura period (鎌倉時代 Kamakura jidai) is a time in the Japanese history from 1185 through 1333 in the history of Japan. This grouping of years is named after city of Kamakura which was the center of power of the Kamakura shogunate.

The government of shoguns which was functionally established in 1192 by Minamoto no Yoritomo.

The Kamakura period ended in 1333 with the destruction of the shogunate. Imperial rule was re-established under Emperor Go-Daigo.

Flourishing of Buddhism

Buddhism expanded during this period. A number of monks founded separate Buddhist sects, including

• Hōnen, founder of the Jōdo shū sect
• Shinran, disciple of Hōnen; founder of Jōdo Shinshū
• Ippen, founder of the Ji sect
Dōgen, founder of the Sōtō school of Zen
• Eisai, founder of the Rinzai school of Zen
Nichiren, founder of the sect of Buddhism named after him

The older Buddhist sects such as Shingon and Tendai continued to thrive.

Timeline

  • 1185 (Genryaku 2, 24th day of the 3rd month): Taira clan (Heike) defeated at sea by Minamoto Yoshitsune
  • 1191 (Kenkyū 2): Esai establishes Zen in Japan
  • 1192 (Kenkyū 3): Minamoto Yoritomo appointed as shogun
  • 1207 (Ken'ei 1): Hōnen and his followers are exiled
  • 1221 (Jōkyū 3): In the Jōkyū War (承久の乱 jōkyū no ran), Emperor Go-Toba tried to take power from the Kamakura shogunate. The effort did not succeed.
  • 1252 (Kenchō 2): Great Buddha of Kamakura was put in place at Kōtoku-in.
  • November 19, 1274 (Bun'ei 11, 20th day of the 10th month): Kublai Khan sent a fleet and an army to invade Japan; Battle of Bun'ei (文永の役 Bun'ei no eki) or the "Bun'ei War".
  • 1281 (Kōan 4): Battle of Kōan (弘安の役 Kōan no eki) or the "Kōan War".
  • 1293 (Einin 1): Disastrous earthquake and tsunami hit Sagami Bay and Kamakura, killing 23,034 people.
  • 1333 (Genkō 3): Nitta Yoshisada destroys the Kamakura shogunate in the Siege of Kamakura (鎌倉の戦い).

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