Muromachi period facts for kids

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History of Japan

Muromachi period (室町時代 Muromachi jidai), also known as the Muromachi era, the Ashikaga era, or the Ashikaga period, is a division of Japanese history. The period started in 1333 and ended in 1573.

Ashikaga shogunate

The years of the Ashikaga shogunate are called the Muromachi period. The name comes from the district of Kyoto in which this series of shoguns had an official home. This home was also known as the Muromachi Palace (室町殿 Muromachi-dono) or Flower Palace (花の御所 Hana no Gosho).

Timeline

  • 1333 (Kemmu 1): Kemmu restoration (建武の新政 Kenmu no shinsei)
  • 1336 (Kemmu 4): Ashikaga Takauji captures Kyoto. Emperor Go-Daigo established what is called the Southern Court (Nanchō) in Yoshino; and what is called the Northern Court (Hokuchō) is established in Kyoto
  • 1392 (Meitoku 3), also known as Genchū 9: Forces of the Southern Court surrenders to Ashikaga Yoshimitsu and the empire is unified under Emperor Go-Komatsu.
  • 1398 (Ōei 5): Kinkaku-ji or "Gold Pavillion" is built by Ashikaga Yoshimitsu.
  • 1484 (Bunmei 16): Ginkaku-ji or "Silver Pavillion" is built by Ashikaga Yoshimasa
  • 1488 (Chōkyō 2): Ryōan-ji is built by Hosokawa Katsumoto.
  • 1543 (Tenbun 12, 25th day of the 8th month): Portuguese ship landed at Tanegashima bringing the first gun into Japan.
  • 1555 (Kōji 1, 11th month): Mōri Motonari won the Battle of Itsukushima (厳島合戦 Itsukushima Kassen), also known as the "Battle of Miyajima"
  • June 12, 1560 (Eiroku 3, 19th day of the 5th month): at the Battle of Okehazama, the forces of Imagawa Yoshimoto were defeated by Oda Nobunaga.
  • 1569 (Eiroku 12): First Christian church opened in Nagasaki.
  • 1570 (Genki 1, 6th month): At the Battle of Anegawa, the forces of Oda Nobunaga and Tokugawa Ieyasu won a victory.
  • 1573 (Genki 4): Ashikaga Yoshiaki, the last Muromachi shogun, ran away from Kyoto.

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