Meiji period facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Black and white photo of emperor Meiji of Japan
Emperor Meiji in his fifties.

Meiji period (明治時代 Meiji-jidai), also known as the Meiji era, was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Keiō and before Taishō. This period started in September 1868 and ended in July 1912. During this time, the emperor was Meiji-tennō (明治天皇).

The nengō Meiji means "Enlightened Rule" or "Enlightened Government".

Events of the Meiji period

The years in which Meiji was the Japanese monarch comprise this modern period or era.

  • 1889-1890 (Meiji 22-23): Constitution of the Empire of Japan
  • 30 July 1912 (Meiji 45, 30th day of the 7th month): Meiji died.


  • 1888 (Meiji 21): Kuroda Kiyotaka became 2nd Prime Minister
  • 1892 (Meiji 25): Ito became 5th Prime Minister
  • 1896 (Meiji 29): Matsukata became 6th Prime Minister
  • 1898 (Meiji 31): Ito became 7th Prime Minister
  • 1898 (Meiji 31): Ōkuma Shigenobu became 8th Prime Minister
  • 1898 (Meiji 31): Yamagata became 9th Prime Minister
  • 1900 (Meiji 33): Ito became 10th Prime Minister
  • 1901 (Meiji 34): Katsura Tarō became 11th Prime Minister
  • 1906 (Meiji 39): Saionji Kinmochi became 12th Prime Minister
  • 1908 (Meiji 41): Katsura became 13th Prime Minister
  • 1911 (Meiji 44): Saionji became 14th Prime Minister


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