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Emperor Meiji facts for kids

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Emperor of Japan
Meiji tenno1.jpg
Reign 3 February 1867–30 July 1912
(45 years, 178 days)
Born (1852-11-03)3 November 1852
Birthplace Kyoto
Died 30 July 1912(1912-07-30) (aged 59)
Place of death Tokyo
Buried Mozu no Mimihara no naka no misasagi (Osaka)
Predecessor Kōmei
Successor Taishō

Emperor Meiji (明治天皇 , Meiji-tennō, 3 November 1852–30 July 1912) was the 122nd emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession. His reign lasted from 1867 until his death.

Events of Meiji's life

Meiji's reign was marked by many changes including the move of the Imperial court from Kyoto to Tokyo.


A timeline of major events includes:

  • 1852 (Kaei 5): A son called Sachinomiya is born to Emperor Kōmei
  • 1860 (Ansei 7): Sachinomiya becomes official heir and his personal name (imina) becomes Mutsuhito.
  • 1867 (Keiō 3): Kōmei dies and the responsibility of the throne passes to Crown Prince Mutsuhito.
  • 1868 (Meiji 1): Official beginning of the emperor's reign and Japanese era name becomes the first year of Meiji.
  • 1869 (meiji 2): Marriage to Ichijo Haruko, who becomes Empress Shoken.
  • 1879 (meiji 12): Prince Yoshihito (the future Taisho Tenno) is born.
Proclamation of Meiji Constitution
Yōshū Chikanobu Scene of the Diet
The Emperor in a formal session of the Diet.

After death

He died in Tokyo. A detailed account of the state funeral in the New York Times concluded with an observation: "The contrast between that which preceded the funeral car and that which followed it was striking indeed. Before it went old Japan; after it came new Japan."

The spirits of Emperor Meiji and his wife are honored at the Meiji Shrine (明治神宮 , Meiji Jingū) in Tokyo.


Related pages

The chrysanthemum symbol of the Japanese emperor and his family.
  • Jansen, Marius. (1995). The Emergence of Meiji Japan. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN: 9780521482387; ISBN: 9780521484053; OCLC 31515308
  • Keene, Donald. (2002). Emperor of Japan: Meiji and His World, 1852–1912. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN: 9780231123402; OCLC 46731178
Preceded by
Emperor Kōmei
Emperor of Japan

Succeeded by
Emperor Taishō

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