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Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach facts for kids

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Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach

Großherzogtum Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach
Flag of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Flag (1813 – 1897)
Coat of arms of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Coat of arms
Anthem: Weimars Volkslied
Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach within the German Empire
Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach within the German Empire
Status State of the Confederation of the Rhine,
State of the German Confederation,
State of the North German Confederation,
State of the German Empire,
State of the Weimar Republic
Capital Weimar
Government Principality
Grand Duke  
• 1809 – 28
Charles Augustus
• 1901 – 18
William Ernest
Historical era Middle Ages
• Eisenach and Weimar
    in personal union
• Merger of Saxe-Eisenach
    and Saxe-Weimar
1809 1809
• Raised to grand duchy
• German Revolution
• Joined Thuringia
1905 3,617 km2 (1,397 sq mi)
• 1905
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Image missing Saxe-Eisenach
Image missing Saxe-Weimar
Flagge Großherzogtum Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach (1897-1920)
Flag (1897 – 1920)

The Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (German: Herzogtum Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach) was created in 1809 when the Ernestine duchies of Saxe-Weimar and Saxe-Eisenach were formally joined into one state. The two duchies had shared the same ruler since 1741, which is when the Saxe-Eisenach line had died out. It became a Grand Duchy in 1815.

In 1877, the Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach officially became the Grand Duchy of Saxony (German: Großherzogtum Sachsen), but this name was not often used. The Grand Duchy was abolished in 1918 with the other German monarchies, and the state joined others to form the new state of Thuringia in the Weimar Republic.

The Grand Dukes full title was Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, Landgrave in Thuringia, Margrave of Meißen, Princely Count of Henneberg, Lord of Blankenhayn, Neustadt and Tautenburg.

Rulers of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach

Dukes of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, 1809 – 1815

  • Carl August, 1809 – 15; Duke of Saxe-Weimar and of Saxe-Eisenach from 1758

Grand Dukes of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, 1815 – 1918

  • Carl August, 1815 – 28
  • Carl Friedrich, 1828 – 53
  • Carl Alexander, 1853 – 1901
  • Wilhelm Ernst, 1901 – 18

Heads of the House of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, 1918 – present

  • Grand Duke Wilhelm Ernst, 1918 – 23
  • Hereditary Grand Duke Carl August, 1923 – 88
  • Prince Michael, 1988 – present

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