|District||Meißen Rural District|
|Town subdivisions||12 Stadtteile/Stadtbezirke|
|Area||30.90 km2 (11.93 sq mi)|
|Elevation||106 m (348 ft)|
|Population||27,693 (31 December 2009)|
|- Density||896 /km2 (2,321 /sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Postal codes||01654 – 01662|
Meißen (Sorbian: Mišno) is a town of about 30,000 near Dresden on both banks of the Elbe in the Free State of Saxony, in eastern Germany. Meißen is the home of Meißen porcelain. Meißen is the capital city of Meißen Rural District
During World War II, a subcamp of Flossenburg concentration camp was in Meißen.
Meißen is famous for the manufacture of porcelain. This is because there are big local deposits of china clay (kaolin) and potter's clay (potter's earth). Meißen porcelain was the first high quality porcelain to be produced outside of China.
The first European porcelain was made in Meißen in 1710, when the Royal Porcelain Factory was opened in the Albrechtsburg. In 1861, it was moved to the Triebisch valley of Meißen, where the Meißen porcelain factory can still be found today.
- St. Benno (1010-1106), Bishop of Meißen
- Heinrich Frauenlob (died 1318), poet
- Johann Klaj (1616-1656), poet
- Johann Elias Schlegel (1719-1749), critic and poet
- Johann Adolf Schlegel (1721-1793), poet and clergyman
- Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843), physician
- Karl G. Maeser (1828-1901), Mormon academic
- Ralf Schumann (born 1962), Olympic shooter
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Meißen Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.