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(Redirected from Meissen)
Landkreis Meißen
Coat of arms of Landkreis Meißen
Coordinates 51°9′49″N 13°28′39″E / 51.16361°N 13.4775°E / 51.16361; 13.4775
Administration
Country Germany
State Saxony
Admin. region Dresden
District Meißen Rural District
Town subdivisions 12 Stadtteile/Stadtbezirke
Basic statistics
Area 30.90 km2 (11.93 sq mi)
Elevation 106 m  (348 ft)
Population 27,693  (31 December 2009)
 - Density 896 /km2 (2,321 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate MEI
Postal codes 01654 – 01662
Area code 03521
Website www.stadt-meissen.de

Meißen (Sorbian: Mišno) is a town of about 30,000 near Dresden on both banks of the Elbe in the Free State of Saxony, in eastern Germany. Meißen is the home of Meißen porcelain. Meißen is the capital city of Meißen Rural District

During World War II, a subcamp of Flossenburg concentration camp was in Meißen.

Porcelain

Misnia2
Porcelain bells in Meißen

Meißen is famous for the manufacture of porcelain. This is because there are big local deposits of china clay (kaolin) and potter's clay (potter's earth). Meißen porcelain was the first high quality porcelain to be produced outside of China.

The first European porcelain was made in Meißen in 1710, when the Royal Porcelain Factory was opened in the Albrechtsburg. In 1861, it was moved to the Triebisch valley of Meißen, where the Meißen porcelain factory can still be found today.

Notable residents

  • St. Benno (1010-1106), Bishop of Meißen
  • Heinrich Frauenlob (died 1318), poet
  • Johann Klaj (1616-1656), poet
  • Johann Elias Schlegel (1719-1749), critic and poet
  • Johann Adolf Schlegel (1721-1793), poet and clergyman
  • Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843), physician
  • Karl G. Maeser (1828-1901), Mormon academic
  • Ralf Schumann (born 1962), Olympic shooter

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