Saxe-Weimar facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Duchy of Saxe-Weimar

Herzogtum Sachsen-Weimar
1572–1809
     Saxe-Weimar, shown within the other Ernestine duchies and showing      Saxe-Jena, which was joined to Saxe-Weimar in 1690
     Saxe-Weimar, shown within the other Ernestine duchies and showing      Saxe-Jena, which was joined to Saxe-Weimar in 1690
Status State of the Holy Roman Empire, then
State of the Confederation of the Rhine
Capital Weimar
Government Principality
Historical era Middle Ages
• Division of Erfurt
1572
• Partitioned to form
    Saxe-Altenburg
 
1602
• Partitioned to form
     Eisenach and Gotha
 
1640
• Partitioned to form Jena,
     Eisenach and Marksuhl
 
1672
1741
• Merged to form
    Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
 
1809 1809
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Electorate of Saxony Electorate of Saxony
Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach Image missing

Saxe-Weimar (German: Sachsen-Weimar) was a duchy in Thuringia, Germany. The chief town and capital was Weimar.

History

Saxe-Weimar and Saxe-Gotha were the two original Ernestine Duchies. They both gradually shrank in size as land in Thuringia was divided among sons..

In 1741 Duke Ernest Augustus I of Saxe-Weimar inheritated the Duchy of Saxe-Eisenach. Ernest Augustus II, who succeeded in 1748, died in 1758, and his young widow, Anna Amalia, became regent for her infant son, Charles Augustus. The regency of Anna Amalia and the reign of Charles Augustus were important in the history of Saxe-Weimar. Both intelligent patrons of literature and art, Anna Amalia and Charles Augustus attracted to their court the leading scholars in Germany, including Goethe, Schiller and Herder, and made Weimar an important cultural centre.

Charles Augustus joined Prussia in the wars against France. After France won the Battle of Jena, Saxe Weimar was forced to join the Confederation of the Rhine in 1806. In 1809 Saxe-Weimar and Saxe-Eisenach, which had been separate duchies with the same duke became one country as the Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.

Dukes of Saxe-Weimar

  • Johann Wilhelm (155473)
  • Frederick Wilhelm I (15731602), son of Johann Wilhelm
  • Johann (160205), son of Johann Wilhelm
  • Johann Ernst I (160520), son of Johann
  • Wilhelm (162062), son of Johann.
  • Johann Ernst II (166283), son of Wilhelm
  • Wilhelm Ernst (16831728), son of Johann Ernst II
  • Johann Ernst III (16831707), son of Johann Ernst II
  • Ernst August I (170748), son of Johann Ernst III
  • Ernst August II (174858), son of Ernst August I
  • Karl August (17581809), son of Ernst August II

Merged with Saxe-Eisenach to form Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach

Other pages

Images for kids


Saxe-Weimar Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.