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Duchy of Saxe-Weimar

Herzogtum Sachsen-Weimar
Flag of Saxe-Weimar
Coat of arms of Saxe-Weimar
Coat of arms
     Saxe-Weimar, shown within the other Ernestine duchies and      Saxe-Jena, joined to Saxe-Weimar in 1690
     Saxe-Weimar, shown within the other Ernestine duchies and      Saxe-Jena, joined to Saxe-Weimar in 1690
Status State of the Holy Roman Empire, then
State of the Confederation of the Rhine
Capital Weimar
Government Feudal monarchy
Historical era Early modern period
• Division of Erfurt
• Split off
• Split off
     Eisenach and Gotha
• Split off Saxe-Jena,
    and Saxe-Eisenach
• United with
• Merged to form
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Blason Jean-Georges IV de Saxe.svg Electorate of Saxony
Today part of  Germany

Saxe-Weimar (German: Sachsen-Weimar) was a duchy in Thuringia, Germany. The chief town and capital was Weimar.


Saxe-Weimar and Saxe-Gotha were the two original Ernestine Duchies. They both gradually shrank in size as land in Thuringia was divided among sons..

In 1741 Duke Ernest Augustus I of Saxe-Weimar inheritated the Duchy of Saxe-Eisenach. Ernest Augustus II, who succeeded in 1748, died in 1758, and his young widow, Anna Amalia, became regent for her infant son, Charles Augustus. The regency of Anna Amalia and the reign of Charles Augustus were important in the history of Saxe-Weimar. Both intelligent patrons of literature and art, Anna Amalia and Charles Augustus attracted to their court the leading scholars in Germany, including Goethe, Schiller and Herder, and made Weimar an important cultural centre.

Charles Augustus joined Prussia in the Napoleonic Wars. After France won the Battle of Jena, Saxe Weimar was forced to join the Confederation of the Rhine in 1806. In 1809 Saxe-Weimar and Saxe-Eisenach, which had been separate duchies with the same duke became one country as the Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.

Dukes of Saxe-Weimar

  • Johann Wilhelm (1554 – 73)
  • Frederick Wilhelm I (1573 – 1602), son of Johann Wilhelm
  • Johann (1602 – 05), son of Johann Wilhelm
  • Johann Ernst I (1605 – 20), son of Johann
  • Wilhelm (1620 – 62), son of Johann.
  • Johann Ernst II (1662 – 83), son of Wilhelm
  • Wilhelm Ernst (1683 – 1728), son of Johann Ernst II
  • Johann Ernst III (1683 – 1707), son of Johann Ernst II
  • Ernst August I (1707 – 48), son of Johann Ernst III
  • Ernst August II (1748 – 58), son of Ernst August I
  • Karl August (1758 – 1809), son of Ernst August II

Merged with Saxe-Eisenach to form Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach

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