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Hawaiian Kingdom facts for kids

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Hawaiian Kingdom

Aupuni Mōʻī o Hawaiʻi
  • 1795–1893

1893–1895: Government-in-exile
Coat of arms of Hawaii
Coat of arms
  • Ua Mau ke Ea o ka ʻĀina i ka Pono
  • "The life of the land is perpetuated in righteousness"
Hawaiian Kingdom
Hawaiian Kingdom
Common languages Hawaiian, English
Church of Hawaii
Government Absolute monarchy (until 1840)
Constitutional monarchy (from 1840)
• 1795–1819
Kamehameha I (first)
• 1891–1893
Liliʻuokalani (last)
Kuhina Nui  
• 1819–1832
Kaʻahumanu (first)
• 1863–1864
Kekūanāoʻa (last)
Legislature Legislature
House of Nobles
House of Representatives
• Inception
May, 1795
• Unification of Hawaii
March/April 1810
• Constitutional monarchy
October 8, 1840
• Occupation by the United Kingdom
February 25 – July 31, 1843
• Anglo-Franco Proclamation
November 28, 1843
• Monarchy overthrown
January 17, 1893
• Abdication of Queen Liliʻuokalani
January 24, 1895
• 1780
400,000 – 800,000
• 1800
• 1832
• 1890
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Ancient Hawaii
Paulet Affair (1843)
Paulet Affair (1843)
Provisional Government of Hawaii
Today part of

The Hawaiian Kingdom (a.k.a. Kingdom of Hawaiʻi) originated in 1795 with the unification of the independent islands of Hawaiʻi, Oʻahu, Maui, Molokaʻi, and Lānaʻi under one government. In 1810, the whole Hawaiian Islands became unified when Kauaʻi and Niʻihau joined the Kingdom of Hawai‘i voluntarily. Two major dynastic families ruled the kingdom: the House of Kamehameha and the House of Kalākaua.

The Kingdom won recognition from major European powers. The United States became its chief trading partner. The U.S. watched over the Kingdom lest some other power (such as Britain or Japan) threaten to seize control. Hawaii was forced to adopt a new constitution in 1887 when King Kalākaua was threatened with violence by the Honolulu Rifles, a white, anti-monarchist militia, to sign it. Queen Liliʻuokalani, who succeeded Kalākaua in 1891, tried to abrogate the 1887 constitution and promulgate a new constitution, but was overthrown in 1893, largely at the hands of the Committee of Safety, a group of residents consisting of Hawaiian subjects and foreign nationals of American, British and German descent, many of whom were educated in the U.S., lived there for a time and identified strongly as American.. Hawaii became a republic until the United States annexed it using The Newlands Resolution which was a joint resolution passed on July 4, 1898, by the United States Congress creating the Territory of Hawaii.

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