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Minamoto no Yoritomo
源頼朝
Minamoto no Yoritomo.jpg
Head of the Kawachi Genji
Preceded by Minamoto no Yoshitomo
Succeeded by Minamoto no Yoriie
Shōgun
In office
July 12, 1192 – February 9, 1199
Monarch Go-Toba
Preceded by Heian period
Succeeded by Minamoto no Yoriie
Personal details
Born May 9, 1147
Atsuta, Owari Province
Died February 9, 1199 (aged 52)
Kamakura
Nationality Japanese
Spouse(s) Hōjō Masako
Relations Kame no Mae (concubine)
Daishin no Tsubone (concubine)
Children
  • Minamoto no Yoriie
  • Minamoto no Sanetomo
  • Shimazu Tadahisa
Ohime
Mother Yura Gozen
Father Minamoto no Yoshitomo
Relatives Fujiwara no Suenori (grandfather)
Minamoto no Yoshihira (brother)
Minamoto no Noriyori (brother)
Minamoto no Tomonaga (half-brother)
Minamoto no Yoshitsune (half-brother)
Signature

Minamoto no Yoritomo (源 頼朝 , May 9, 1147 – February 9, 1199) was the founder and the first shogun of the Kamakura shogunate of Japan, ruling from 1192 until 1199. He was the husband of Hōjō Masako who acted as regent (shikken) after his death.

Yoritomo was the son of Minamoto no Yoshitomo and belonged to Seiwa Genji's prestigious Kawachi Genji family. After setting himself the rightful heir of the Minamoto clan, he led his clan against the Taira clan from his capital in Kamakura, beginning the Genpei War in 1180. After five years of war, he finally defeated the Taira clan in the Battle of Dan-no-ura in 1185. Yoritomo thus established the supremacy of the warrior samurai caste and the first bakufu (shogunate) at Kamakura, beginning the feudal age in Japan which lasted until the mid-19th century.

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