Jamul Indian Village facts for kids
San Diego County, Jamul is highlighted in red
|60–120 enrolled members|
|Regions with significant populations|
|United States (California)|
|Traditional tribal religion,
Christianity (Roman Catholic)
|Related ethnic groups|
|other Kumeyaay tribes, Cocopa, Quechan, Paipai, and Kiliwa|
The Jamul Indian Village of California is a federally recognized tribe of Kumeyaay Indians, who are sometimes known as Mission Indians.
The Jamul Indian Village is a federal reservation, located 10 miles (16 km) southeast of El Cajon, in southeastern San Diego County, California. It is six acres (24,000 m2) large No one lives on the reservation although 20 members lived there in the 1970s. It was established in 1912.
The traditional language of the Jamul Indian Village and their larger tribal group, the Kumeyaay, is from the Ipai language grouping. The influence of the Spanish Mission system on the retention of the Jamul Indian Village native tongue can be observed as there are only a small amount of less than 100 tribal members who retain their native language. The Jamul Indian Village as well uses English in modern times as a primary language for communication.
Starting 12,000 years ago the tribal members of the Jamul Indian Village started their roots. The tribe studied and understood their environment and tried their best in tradition and practice to honor the land they were blessed with calling their home. They used to practice basket weaving and traditional hunting and other games. They would perform cultural burnings and use the land in equilibrium with what it provided. The European contact caused a stir with the tribe as they had lost a large portion of their traditions to the forced assimilation brought upon their tribe. However many generations later many of their traditions have been revived and practiced and now there is a large group of tribal members honoring their ancestors. The tribe in 2106 opened the Hollywood Casino Jamul and now it provides a large source of income with the practice of minimal environmental impact still being honored through their newly built casino.
Jamul Indian Village Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.