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Kill Creek Township, Osborne County, Kansas facts for kids

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Kill Creek Township
Osborne County, Kansas
Location of Kill Creek, Kansas
Location of Kill Creek, Kansas
Country United States
State Kansas
County Osborne
 • Total 36.1 sq mi (93.5 km2)
 • Land 36.0 sq mi (93.3 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
1,768 ft (539 m)
 • Total 35
 • Density 1.0/sq mi (0.4/km2)
Time zone UTC-06:00 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-05:00 (CDT)
FIPS code 20-36750
GNIS feature ID 472267
Website County Website

Kill Creek Township is a township in Osborne County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2000 census, the township population was 35.


Kill Creek was named after the creek that it sits on, which was named after an Indian massacre that occurred there in the 1860s. This might be confused with the Kill Creek located in Johnson County between De Soto and Olathe.

Kill Creek Township was founded in 1872 when it was partitioned from Liberty Township. In 1880, the western half of Kill Creek Township became Mount Ayr Township. The rural farming community of Kill Creek, situated in the northern part of the township, was for a time a busy stop on the Bull City-Russell Freight Trail. An analysis of census records has shown that it suffered a steady decline in population over the years. Today, it has largely disappeared aside from a small number of residents who live in farmhouses spread throughout the township. The general store and post office are remembered only via a 1949 memorial marker where they once stood. The Kill Creek Presbyterian Church, built in 1885, was long the symbol of the community. It closed in 1985 and was torn down in 2006.

The community of Kill Creek is internationally famous as the setting for the classic American book "Sod-House Days: Letters of a Kansas Homesteader 1877-1878," which was first published in 1937 posthumously by Howard Ruede (1852–1925), who lived in the community from 1877 to 1901. Based on letters that Howard wrote from his Kill Creek homestead back to his family in Pennsylvania, the book is sold in some 24 countries around the world and is used as a textbook by over 40 colleges and universities across the United States and Canada. The book celebrated its 75th year in publication in 2012. A 31.5 mile, 27-stop self-guided auto & bicycle tour of the sites made famous in the book, The Rediscovering "Sod-House Days" Heritage Backway is now open to the public and is featured in the book "Osborne County Kansas Scenic & Heritage Backways" (2013).


Kill Creek is located at 39°21′9″N 98°52′51″W / 39.35250°N 98.88083°W / 39.35250; -98.88083 (39.352483, -98.881010). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 36.0 square miles (93.3 km²).


Kill Creek, Kansas
Kill Creek Presbyterian Church
Population of Kill Creek Township, Osborne Co., KS
Year Population Households
1878 431 |
1880 379 89
1900 307 56
1910 276 58
1920 233 53
1930 245 53
1990 54
2000 35 20

* Includes area which would become Mount Ayr Township in 1880 (before the 1880 census).

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