Kinfauns Castle facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsKinfauns Castle
|Location||Near Perth, Scotland|
|Built for||Lord Gray|
Listed Building – Category A
|Designated||5 October 1971|
Inventory of Gardens and Designed Landscapes in Scotland
|Designated||1 July 1987|
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Kinfauns Castle is a 19th-century castle in the Scottish Council of Perth and Kinross in the Castellated Gothic style, with a slight asymmetry typical of Scottish Georgian. It stands on a raised terrace facing south over the River Tay. The house is protected as a category A listed building, and the grounds are included in the Inventory of Gardens and Designed Landscapes in Scotland.
In reward for his services at the capture of Perth in 1313, Thomas de Longeville (fighting alongside William Wallace), was granted land east of Perth by Robert the Bruce. Thomas married the heiress of Charteris of Kinfauns and changed his name to Charteris. He built a castle named Kinfauns Castle on the lands granted. His family had a long-running feud with the Ruthvens of Perth and in 1552 John Charteris was murdered by the Ruthvens on the High Street (Royal Mile) in Edinburgh. The property passed from the Charteris family to the Carnegies and from there to the Blairs.
The old estate and former castle passed into the Gray family when a Blair heiress married the 11th Lord Gray in 1741. The current castle was designed by Sir Robert Smirke and built between 1822 and 1826 by Francis Gray, 14th Lord Gray, on the site of a medieval stronghold. It passed to the Stuart Earls of Moray in 1878 and descended in that family to the 17th Earl of Moray. He commissioned several improvements; the walled garden and gardener's cottage were designed by Francis William Deas in 1910. After the death of the 17th Earl in 1930 the estate became the property of Scottish Estates Ltd, who sold off most of the land piecemeal.
The house and remaining land is currently occupied by Scottish businesswoman Ann Gloag, co-founder of the Stagecoach company.
During the build-up to Dundee and Perth Railway's opening in 1847, Lord Gray would only allow the line to come through his estate for a then-hefty fee of £12,000.
Images for kids
Gatehouse to the castle, circa 1830. The road in view here has been replaced by the A85, near its junction with the M90 and A90. The now-modified building is today a home. The gateposts also survive
|Mary the Jewess|