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Kumpupintil Lake
(pronounced Goom-bu-pin-dil)
Kumpupintil/Kumpupirntily
Lake Disappointment Western Australia.jpg
Landsat image; screen capture from NASA World Wind
Lake Disappointment 0417.svg
Location Western Australia
Coordinates 23°30′S 122°50′E / 23.500°S 122.833°E / -23.500; 122.833Coordinates: 23°30′S 122°50′E / 23.500°S 122.833°E / -23.500; 122.833
Lake type Endorheic salt lake
Basin countries Australia
Max. length 160 km (99 mi)
Surface area 330 km2 (130 sq mi)
Surface elevation 325 metres (1,066 ft)

Kumpupintil Lake previously known as Lake Disappointment is an endorheic salt lake located in the Pilbara region of Western Australia.

Description

Kumpupintil Lake is about 160 kilometres long and located 300 kilometres east of Newman.

The 33,000-hectare (82,000-acre) lake typically is dry, except during very wet periods such as the 1900 floods and in many recent tropical wet seasons since 1967. It lies on the Tropic of Capricorn, due east of the mining town of Newman and the Jigalong Community. It is at the northern side of the Little Sandy Desert and south of the Karlamilyi National Park. The Canning Stock Route passes down the western shores of the lake and the surrounds consist mostly of sand dunes. Its elevation is 325 metres (1066ft) above mean sea level.

The lake is important to Martu people for spiritual and ceremonial reasons, as well as being an important place for water and traditional food.

The lake is home to many species of water birds. The discovery of a new species of dragon lizard, Ctenophorus nguyarna, at the site was announced in 2007.

Mythology

Lake Disappointment 9514
Kumpupintil Lake then officially known as Lake Disappointment photographed in 2015

In indigenous culture, Kumpupintil was off-limits to the tribes neighbouring the area, such as the Kurajarra, Wanman, Kartudjara and the Putidjara. The reason for the taboo, existing down to modern times, derives from the lake's mythological associations with the Ngayurnangalku spirits thought to live below its surface. This prohibition extended to flying over the area, since the Ngayurnangalku, ancestral cannibal beings with pointy teeth and clawlike fingernails, are deemed capable of attacking even planes that intrude over the lake's airspace.

Name

The lake known to the Western Desert Martu people as Kumpupintil was named Lake Disappointment by the explorer Frank Hann in 1897. Hann was in the area exploring the east Pilbara, around Rudall River. He noticed creeks in the area flowed inland, and followed them, expecting to find a large fresh water lake. The lake was typically dry and so was named Lake Disappointment.

On November 11, 2020 Kumpupintil (pronounced Goom-bu-pin-dil) Lake was formally approved by the Western Australian Government agency Landgate as the official name, following a request from the traditional owners and the Western Desert Lands Aboriginal Corporation.

The name 'Kumpupintil' describes how the lake was made and is linked to a Martu creation story where Martu warriors fought mighty giants in an epic battle.

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