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Menstruation facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

Menstruation (also known as a period, among other colloquial terms) is the regular discharge of blood and mucosal tissue from the inner lining of the uterus through the vagina. The menstrual cycle is characterized by the rise and fall of hormones. Menstruation is triggered by falling progesterone levels and is a sign that pregnancy has not occurred.

The first period, a point in time known as menarche, usually begins between the ages of 12 and 15. Menstruation starting as young as 8 years would still be considered normal. The average age of the first period is generally later in the developing world, and earlier in the developed world.

The typical length of time between the first day of one period and the first day of the next is 21 to 45 days in young women. In adults, the range is between 21 and 31 days with the average being 28 days. Bleeding usually lasts around 2 to 7 days.

Periods stop during pregnancy and typically do not resume during the initial months of breastfeeding. Menstruation, and with it the possibility of pregnancy, ceases after menopause, which usually occurs between 45 and 55 years of age.

A lack of periods, known as amenorrhea, is when periods do not occur by age 15 or have not re-occurred in 90 days.

People who have periods often use sanitary napkins (pads) or tampons to soak up the blood and tissue.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Menstruación para niños

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Menstruation Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.