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Mountain Galaxias (species complex) facts for kids

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Mountain galaxias
Galaxias olidus.jpg
Galaxias olidus
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Phylum:
Class:
Order:
Osmeriformes
Family:
Galaxiidae
Subfamily:
Galaxiinae
Genus:
Galaxias

The mountain galaxias is a species complex of freshwater galaxiid fish found all over southeast Australia.

Species complex

Recent studies have identified fifteen species within the complex including three previously known species (shown in this list by Template:‡)

Range

Mountain-galaxias-species-complex-dist
Range of the mountian Galaxias species complex

Mountain galaxias occupies a vast geographical range from southern Queensland to the Adelaide Hills in South Australia, and while occurring widely in the Murray-Darling river system, are also found in eastern and southern coastal systems. How much of their coastal distribution is due to natural river capture events (although it is certain much of it is) and how much of it may be due to migration is not clear, for many mountain galaxias species have the ability to "climb" natural migration barriers with modified pelvic fin structures. Individual species within the complex have ranges varying from across almost the entire range of the complex itself down to extremely restricted ranges within a single or only a very small number of catchements.

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