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Murphy, Idaho
The Murphy General Store and Cafe in 2019
The Murphy General Store and Cafe in 2019
Location of Murphy in Owyhee County, Idaho.
Location of Murphy in Owyhee County, Idaho.
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Coordinates: 43°13′06″N 116°33′08″W / 43.21833°N 116.55222°W / 43.21833; -116.55222Coordinates: 43°13′06″N 116°33′08″W / 43.21833°N 116.55222°W / 43.21833; -116.55222
Country United States
State Idaho
County Owyhee
Area
 • Total 3.839 sq mi (9.94 km2)
 • Land 3.839 sq mi (9.94 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation
2,820 ft (860 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 97
 • Density 25.27/sq mi (9.76/km2)
Time zone UTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP codes
83650
Area code(s) 208, 986
FIPS code 16-55720

Murphy is an unincorporated village in, and county seat of, Owyhee County, Idaho, United States. It is among the smallest of county seats nationwide, with a population as of the 2010 census of 97. Murphy is part of the Boise City–Nampa, Idaho Metropolitan Statistical Area. Murphy is also located within the census-designated place bearing its name. Murphy is home to the Owyhee County Historical Museum and Library.

History

Murphy developed around a railhead of the Boise, Nampa and Owyhee Railroad built in 1899. The state legislature selected the town as county seat in 1934, succeeding Silver City (which was located in the Owyhee Mountains and had been in decline; it is now defunct). The railroad operated until 1947. Murphy is the home of the Owyhee County Historical Museum and Library.

The community was named after Cornelius "Con" Murphy, a crew boss with the Boise, Nampa and Owyhee Railroad.

Taylorcraft Murphy Idaho June 1994R edited-2
View looking northwest from Murphy airport toward Route 78

Geography

Murphy is located at 43°13′06″N 116°33′08″W / 43.21833°N 116.55222°W / 43.21833; -116.55222, at an elevation of 2,820 feet (860 m) above sea level; it is 25 miles (40 km) south of Nampa.

Airstrip

Murphy's airstrip is situated immediately northeast of the community, without a control tower. Its 2,500-foot (760 m) asphalt runway is oriented NW-SE (12/30), parallel with State Highway 78. The elevation drops 60 feet (18 m) in the northwest (30) direction, from 2,855 to 2,795 feet.

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 80
1910 102 27.5%
1920 150 47.1%
1930 75 −50.0%
1950 50
1960 50 0.0%
1970 100 100.0%
1980 150 50.0%
1990 150 0.0%
2010 97
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