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Ngaurukehu railway station facts for kids

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Ngaurukehu railway station
Ngaurukehu map Sheet N132 1970.jpg
Ngaurukehu railway station on 1970 map
Location New Zealand
Coordinates 39°36′41″S 175°42′30″E / 39.611300°S 175.708200°E / -39.611300; 175.708200Coordinates: 39°36′41″S 175°42′30″E / 39.611300°S 175.708200°E / -39.611300; 175.708200
Elevation 640 m (2,100 ft)
Line(s) North Island Main Trunk
Distance Wellington 270.79 km (168.26 mi)
Opened 1 July 1909
Closed 1992
Electrified June 1988
Preceding station   Historical railways   Following station
Line open, station closed
  North Island Main Trunk
Line open, station closed

Ngaurukehu, Ngarukehu, or Ngaurakehu, was a flag station on the North Island Main Trunk line, in the Ruapehu District of New Zealand. It is in the Hautapu River valley. It was 9.64 km (5.99 mi) north of Mataroa, 3.91 km (2.43 mi) south of Turangarere. Ngaurukehu is part way up a 1 in 70 gradient from Mataroa to Hīhītahi, so that it is 110 m (360 ft) above Mataroa and 62 m (203 ft) below Turangarere. It now has three passing loops.


The line through Ngaurukehu was built and equipped with a telegraph line by the Public Works Department (PWD) in 1906. It was transferred to NZR on 1 July 1908, but sidings north and south of the single track weren't opened until Thursday 1 July 1909. They were added to reduce delays caused by trains waiting to clear each other on the climb from Mataroa to Turangarere. Ngaurukehu was staffed by two tablet porters, with a signalbox and houses. 2 more state houses were built in 1955 and by 1957 the crossing loop had been extended, with motor points and colour light signals. Tenders for further extension of the loop were invited in 1973.

To the north of the station, the 112 m (367 ft) Ngaurukehu, or Rabbit, tunnel, was prepared for electrification in 1984.

Scientific Reserve

To the west of the railway 215 acres (87 ha) was taken on 20 August 1911 for Maungakaretu (now Ngaurukehu) Scientific Reserve, which protects several plants, including the rare Small-leaved Tree Daisy, Olearia gardneri. It is threatened by broom, Cytisus scoparius, and Khasia berry, Cotoneaster simonsii, which are common in the area. The 1907 recommendation was for protection of a rather larger area.

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