Ningxia facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region
Autonomous region
Name transcription(s)
 • Chinese 宁夏回族自治区 (Níngxià Huízú Zìzhìqū)
 • Abbreviation NX / (pinyin: Níng)
Map showing the location of theNingxia Hui Autonomous Region
Map showing the location of the
Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region
Named for 宁夏 níng—tranquil
xià—Western Xia
"Tranquil Xia"
 • Total 66,399.73 km2 (25,637.08 sq mi)
Area rank 27th
Highest elevation 3,556 m (11,667 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 6,301,350
 • Estimate (31 December 2014) 6,620,000
 • Rank 29th
 • Density 89.1/km2 (231/sq mi)
 • Density rank 25th
 • Ethnic composition Han: 62%
Hui: 38%
 • Languages and dialects Lanyin Mandarin, Zhongyuan Mandarin
ISO 3166 code CN-NX
GDP (2017) CNY 345.39 billion
USD 51.16 billion (29th)
 - per capita CNY50,917
USD 7,541 (15th)
HDI (2014) 0.727 (high) (22nd)
Ningxia (Chinese characters).svg
"Níngxià" in Simplified (top) and Traditional (bottom) Chinese characters
Simplified Chinese 宁夏
Traditional Chinese 寧夏
Postal Map Ningsia
Literal meaning "Pacified Xià"
Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region
Simplified Chinese 宁夏回族自治区
Traditional Chinese 寧夏回族自治區
Postal Map Ningsia Hui Autonomous Region

Ningxia (Chinese: 宁夏; Mandarin pronunciation: [nǐŋ.ɕi̯â]; alternately romanized as Ninghsia), officially the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NHAR), is a landlocked autonomous region in Northwestern China. Formerly a province, Ningxia was incorporated into Gansu in 1954 but was separated from Gansu in 1958 and was reconstituted as an autonomous region for the Hui people, one of the 56 officially recognised nationalities of China. Twenty percent of China's Hui population lives in Ningxia.

Ningxia is bounded by Shaanxi to the east, Gansu to the south and west, and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region to the north and has an area of around 66,400 square kilometres (25,600 sq mi). This sparsely settled, mostly desert region lies partially on the Loess Plateau and in the vast plain of the Yellow River, and features the Great Wall of China along its northeastern boundary. Over the years an expensive and extensive system of canals has been built. Extensive land reclamation and irrigation projects have made increased cultivation possible.

Winemaking continues to boost the economy of what is still one of the country's poorest areas. Before the arrival of viticulture, Ningxia's 6.8 million people, 36 per cent of whom are Muslims from the Hui ethnic group, relied largely on animal grazing, subsistence agriculture and the cultivation of wolfberries used in traditional Chinese medicine. The province housed almost 40,000 hectares of wine grapes and produced 120 million wine bottles in 2017 – a quarter of the entire nation's production.

Ningxia Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.