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North Territory of Baja California facts for kids

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North Territory of Baja California
Territorio Norte de Baja California
Territory of Mexico

Location of Baja California
Capital city Mexicali
Government Territory of Mexico
Territorial governor
 -  1947-1952 Alfonso García González
 -  Established 1931
 -  Statehood 16 January 1952

The North Territory of Baja California was a Mexican federal territory that existed from 1931 to 1952. Its former area currently comprises the northern part of the Mexican state of Baja California. The former South Territory of Baja California, now the State of Baja California Sur, comprises the southern half.


In December 1930, Congress amended Article 43 of the constitution separating the territory of Baja California in two territories: Northern Baja California and Southern Baja California . The border between the two was defined as the parallel 28 ° north latitude.


Since 1939 several political groups that promoted the conversion of the territory in a state of the Mexican Republic were created. The 15 of November of 1951 President Miguel Aleman Valdes sent to Congress a proposed amendment to Articles 43 and 45 of the constitution to transform the Northern Territory of Baja California in the Free and Sovereign State of Baja California. The decree was approved on December 31 the same year and published in the official journal of the Federation the 16 of January of 1952. The last territorial governor of the territory, Alfonso García González, was appointed as provisional governor of the newly created state.

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