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Oneida
Oneida, Illinois
Oneida, Illinois
Location of Oneida in Knox County, Illinois.
Location of Oneida in Knox County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
Location of Illinois in the United States
Country United States
State Illinois
County Knox
Township Ontario
Founded 1854
Area
 • Total 0.76 sq mi (1.98 km2)
 • Land 0.76 sq mi (1.98 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 696
 • Density 912.19/sq mi (352.11/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP Code(s)
61467
Area code(s) 309
FIPS code 17-56159
Wikimedia Commons Oneida, Illinois
Website http://oneidaillinois.webs.com/

Oneida is a city in Knox County, Illinois, United States. The population was 700 at the 2010 census, down from 750 in 2000. It is part of the Galesburg Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography

Oneida, Illinois aerial 01A
Aerial view of Oneida, 2012

According to the 2010 census, Oneida has a total area of 0.76 square miles (1.97 km2), all land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 646
1870 1,034 60.1%
1880 919 −11.1%
1890 699 −23.9%
1900 785 12.3%
1910 589 −25.0%
1920 563 −4.4%
1930 560 −0.5%
1940 556 −0.7%
1950 554 −0.4%
1960 672 21.3%
1970 728 8.3%
1980 765 5.1%
1990 723 −5.5%
2000 752 4.0%
2010 700 −6.9%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 752 people, 303 households, and 226 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,035.9 inhabitants per square mile (397.7/km2). There were 308 housing units at an average density of 424.3 per square mile (162.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.27% White, 0.00% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.66% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.66% from other races, and 0.27% from two or more races. 1.33% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 303 households, out of which 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.4% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.4% were non-families. 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 24.1% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 25.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $39,712, and the median income for a family was $46,250. Males had a median income of $31,974 versus $17,969 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,991. 5.3% of the population and 4.8% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 10.5% of those under the age of 18 and 2.2% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Notable people

  • A. T. McMaster, Illinois legislator and farmer, was born in Oneida.
  • Kid Mohler, second baseman for the Washington Senators, was born in Oneida.
  • Donald L. Moffitt, member of the Illinois House of Representatives, served as mayor of Oneida from 1972 to 1975.
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