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Oolitic, Indiana
Oolitic, Indiana.jpg
Location of Oolitic in Lawrence County, Indiana.
Location of Oolitic in Lawrence County, Indiana.
Country United States
State Indiana
County Lawrence
Township Indian Creek, Shawswick
Area
 • Total 0.67 sq mi (1.73 km2)
 • Land 0.67 sq mi (1.73 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
600 ft (183 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 1,137
 • Density 1,704.65/sq mi (658.18/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
47451
Area code(s) 812
FIPS code 18-56682
GNIS feature ID 0451301

Oolitic is a town in Indian Creek and Shawswick townships, Lawrence County, Indiana, United States. The population was 1,184 at the 2010 census.

History

Oolitic was platted on March 23, 1896, by the Bedford Quarries Company. It was incorporated in 1900. In 1910, its population was 1,079; in 1914 it had risen to about 2,000. Oolite is a type of limestone found in Indiana.

Oolitic is the site of a limestone statue of comic-strip boxer Joe Palooka, moved there from Bedford in 1984.

Geography

Oolitic is located at 38°53′44″N 86°31′29″W / 38.89556°N 86.52472°W / 38.89556; -86.52472 (38.895513, -86.524696).

According to the 2010 census, Oolitic has a total area of 0.78 square miles (2.02 km2), all land.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Oolitic has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.

Geology

The town is built upon oolitic limestone, which gives the town's name. The town was founded for the purpose of quarrying this material, for building purposes.

Oolitic was originally platted as "Limestone" on September 26, 1888. In 1896, the name was sent to Washington, D.C., to allow a post office to be established. The request was refused because of a town already named Limestone, Indiana. Doctor R. B. Short suggested using "Oolitic", and Oolitic became incorporated on November 4, 1901. The word Oolitic was used as an adjective for Oolitic limestone (derived from the Greek word oolite, meaning eggs and stone). Limestone is a sedimentary rock composed of calcium carbonate, magnesium carbonate and quartz, along with the small shells and eggs left behind when this area was covered by an inland sea. Found immediately north of Oolitic are some of the largest Limestone quarries in the world, many of them in continuous operation since the 1830s. Many famous buildings are built of Oolitic Limestone. Probably the most famous is the Empire State Building. Visitors can see the "Empire Hole," about 1/2 mile north of Oolitic

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 1,079
1920 883 −18.2%
1930 1,210 37.0%
1940 1,186 −2.0%
1950 1,125 −5.1%
1960 1,140 1.3%
1970 1,155 1.3%
1980 1,495 29.4%
1990 1,424 −4.7%
2000 1,152 −19.1%
2010 1,184 2.8%
2020 1,137 −4.0%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,184 people, 534 households, and 334 families living in the town. The population density was 1,517.9 inhabitants per square mile (586.1/km2). There were 587 housing units at an average density of 752.6 per square mile (290.6/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.7% White, 0.3% African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 0.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.0% of the population.

There were 534 households, of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.3% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.5% were non-families. 34.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.80.

The median age in the town was 41 years. 22.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.7% were from 25 to 44; 28% were from 45 to 64; and 17.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 50.3% male and 49.7% female.

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