Perchlorate facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Perchlorate
Perchlorate-2D-dimensions.png
Perchlorate-3D-balls.png
Perchlorate-3D-vdW.png
Identifiers
CAS number 14797-73-0
PubChem 123351
DrugBank DB03138
MeSH 180053
ChEBI CHEBI:49706
SMILES [O-][Cl+3]([O-])([O-])[O-]
Gmelin Reference 2136
Properties
Molecular formula ClO
4
Molar mass 99.451 g mol−1
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

A perchlorate is a chemical compound containing the perchlorate ion, ClO
4
. The majority of perchlorates are commercially produced salts. They are mainly used for propellants, exploiting properties as powerful oxidizing agents and to control static electricity in food packaging. Perchlorate contamination in food, water, and other parts of the environment has been studied in the U.S. because of its harmful effects on human health. Perchlorate reduces hormone production in the thyroid gland.

Most perchlorates are colorless solids that are soluble in water. Four perchlorates are of primary commercial interest: ammonium perchlorate (NH4ClO4), perchloric acid (HClO4), potassium perchlorate (KClO4), and sodium perchlorate (NaClO4). Perchlorate is the anion resulting from the dissociation of perchloric acid and its salts upon their dissolution in water. Many perchlorate salts are soluble in non-aqueous solutions.

Related pages

Images for kids


Perchlorate Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.