An optimist and a pessimist
, Vladimir Makovsky, 1893
Pessimism is an attitude of mind and a way to look at life. Pessimists believe that generally things are bad, and the world people live in is the worst possible world.
Someone who uses the philosophy is called a pessimist, they are the opposite of an optimist.
An example of pessimism is seeing that a glass of water is "half empty", not "half full".
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Schopenhauer had an influence upon later thinkers and artists such as Freud and Wagner
Luddites destroy machines (1812)
Natural resources flow through the economy and end up as waste and pollution.
Camus used the punishment of Sisyphus to represent the human condition.