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Piciformes facts for kids

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Piciformes
Male red-bellied woodpecker,
(Melanerpes carolinus)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Piciformes
Suborders and families

Piciformes are order of birds contain about 67 living genera with a little over 400 species, of which the Picidae (woodpeckers and relatives) make up about half. Amost all live in woods (arboreal).

In general, the Piciformes are insectivorous, though the barbets and toucans mostly eat fruit and the honeyguides are unique among birds in digesting beeswax (though insects make up most of their diet).

Nearly all Piciformes have parrot-like zygodactyl feet—two toes forward and two back, an arrangement that has obvious advantages for birds that spend much of their time on tree trunks. An exception are a few species of three-toed woodpeckers. The jacamars aside, Piciformes do not have down feathers at any age, only true feathers. They range in size from the rufous piculet at 8 centimetres in length, and weighing 7 grams, to the toco toucan, at 63 centimetres long, and weighing 680 grams. All nest in cavities (holes) and have altricial young, meaning they have to look after their chicks for quite a long time.

Classification

Order: PICIFORMES

  • Suborder Galbuli
    • Family Galbulidae – jacamars (18 species)
    • Family Bucconidae – puffbirds, nunbirds and nunlets (some 30 species)
  • Suborder Pici
    • Infraorder Ramphastides
      • Family Megalaimidae – Asian barbets (about 25 species, recently split from Capitonidae)
      • Family Lybiidae – African barbets (about 40 species, recently split from Capitonidae)
      • Family Capitonidae – American barbets (about 15 species)
      • Family Semnornithidae – toucan-barbets (2 species, recently split from Capitonidae)
      • Family Ramphastidaetoucans (about 40 species)
    • Infraorder Picides
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