Polecat facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Polecat
European polecat
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Mustelidae
Subfamily: Mustelinae

Polecat is the common name for several medium-sized Mustelids. They do not form a single clade: the name is given to several similar species.

The European polecat is typical, and is the only one native to the British Isles. Ferrets are the domesticated form of European polecats.

In the U.S., the term polecat is often applied to skunks, which are only distantly related to the European polecat. The reason is that polecats give off a scent which some people think is offensive.

Taxonomy

The simplest version puts them all in a subfamily of the Mustelidae:

Subfamily Mustelinae

  • Genus Ictonyx
    • Striped polecat, I. striatus
    • Saharan striped polecat, I. libycus
  • Genus Mustela
    • Steppe polecat, M. eversmannii
    • American polecat (Black-footed ferret) M. nigripes
    • European polecat, M. putorius
  • Genus Vormela

There is a more recent version which splits them up even more.

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Polecat Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.